National Historic Sites (NHS)


Links


Links to NPS & other Sites
Reference Pages are from: AMERICA'S MONUMENTS, MEMORIALS AND HISTORICAL SITES by Jane Bangley McQueen, Publications International, Ltd.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
THE NORTHEAST
1. Allegheny Portage Railroad NHS, PA
2. Edison NHS, NJ
3. Ford's Theater NHS, DC
4. Hampton NHS, MD
5. Salem Maritime NHS, MA
6. Steamtown NHS, PA
THE SOUTH
7. Fort Davis NHS, TX
8. Fort Raleigh NHS, NC
9. Jamestown (Colonial NHP), VA
10. Martin Luther King Jr. NHS, GA
THE MIDDLE WEST
11. Chimney Rock NHS, NE
12. Fort Larned NHS, KS
13. Fort Union Trading Post NHS, ND
14. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, MO
THE SOUTHWEST
15. Fort Point NHS, CA
16. Golden Spike NHS, UT
17. Hubbell Trading Post NHS, AZ
18. John Muir NHS, CA
19. Bent's Old Fort NHS, CO
THE NORTHWEST
20. Fort Laramie NHS, WY
21. Fort Vancouver NHS, WA
22. Grant-Kohrs Ranch NHS, MT
23. McLoughlin House NHS, OR
24. Whitman Mission NHS, WA


THE NORTHEAST

1. Allegheny Portage Railroad NHS, PA -- Reference, p. 24
Here is a tribute to the first railroad to cross the Alleghenies, which opened up trade with the midwest.
Link to National Park Service


2. Edison NHS, NJ -- Reference, p. 30
Here is the Laboratory Complex where Thomas Edison engineered the 'business of inventing.'
Link to National Park Service


3. Ford's Theater NHS, DC -- Reference, p. 36
This is the place where President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
Link to National Park Service


4. Hampton NHS, MD -- Reference, p. 45
This is a mansion that preserves the history of enslaved African Americans.
Link to National Park Service


5. Salem Maritime NHS, MA -- Reference, p. 66
This historic site preserves the maritime history of early colonial America and the trading which the ships carried on between the Old World and the New World.
Link to National Park Service


6. Steamtown NHS, PA -- Reference, p. 74
The story of main line steam railroading between 1850-1950 is commemorated here.
Link to National Park Service


THE SOUTH

7. Fort Davis NHS, TX -- Reference, p. 144
This was the key post in West Texas, where soldiers helped in opening the area to settlement.
Link to National Park Service


8. Fort Raleigh NHS, NC -- Reference, p. 146
This site commemorates the first English settlement at Roanoke, "the lost colony."
Link to National Park Service


9. Jamestown (Colonial NHP), VA -- Reference, p. 148
This site/park commemorates the first permanent English settlement at Jamestown.
Link to National Park Service


10. Martin Luther King Jr. NHS, GA -- Reference, p. 154
Martin Luther King Jr. was the prominent civil rights leader in America in the 1960's.
Link to National Park Service


THE MIDDLE WEST

11. Chimney Rock NHS, NE -- Reference, p. 189
This 500 ft. tall landmark on the Oregon Trail marked the spot where a third of the journey to Oregon was completed.
Link to National Park Service


12. Fort Larned NHS, KS -- Reference, p. 191
Here was the base of military operations against hostile Plains Indians and to protect traffic along the Sante Fe Trail.
Link to National Park Service


13. Fort Union Trading Post NHS, ND -- Reference, p. 196
This was the principal fur trading post on the Upper Missouri River from 1828-1867.
Link to National Park Service


14. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (NHS), MO -- Reference, p. 206
The Gateway Arch was built in 1965 to honor America's Westward Expansion, starting with the Louisiana Purchase by President Thomas Jefferson in 1803 and proceeding with the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the opening up of the West to exploration and settlement.
Link to National Park Service


THE SOUTHWEST

15. Fort Point NHS, CA -- Reference, p. 291
This fort was constructed by the US Army Corps of Engineers in 1861 to prevent entrance of hostile fleets into the San Francisco Bay.
Link to National Park Service


16. Golden Spike NHS, UT -- Reference, p. 292
The completion of the world's first transcontinental railroad was celebrated here at Promontary Point, Utah in May 10, 1869.
Link to National Park Service


17. Hubbell Trading Post NHS, AZ -- Reference, p. 294
Here was the oldest continuously operating trading post on the Navajo Reservation.
Link to National Park Service


18. John Muir NHS, CA -- Reference, p. 297
This is the mansion where naturalist and first Sierra Club President John Muir lived from 1890 until his death in 1914.
Link to National Park Service


19. Bent's Old Fort NHS, CO -- Reference, p. 286
This was an adobe fort along the Sante Fe Trail for trading with Indians and trappers.
Link to National Park Service


THE NORTHWEST

20. Fort Laramie NHS, WY -- Reference, p. 323
This was a center for trade in beaver pelts and buffalo robes; it was also a major stop along the Oregon Trail.
Link to National Park Service


21. Fort Vancouver NHS, WA -- Reference, p. 326
This fort was built in 1825 as the headquarters for the British Hudson Bay Company's fur-trading operation on the Pacific Coast.
Link to National Park Service


22. Grant-Kohrs Ranch NHS, MT -- Reference, p. 330
This ranch commemorates the Western Cattle Industry.
Link to National Park Service


23. McLoughlin House NHS, OR -- Reference, p. 332
The McLoughlin House was the pioneer home of the former Oregon Country. It was built in 1845 by the "Father of Oregon," John McLoughlin.
Introduction to John McLoughlin
More on John McLoughlin
The McLoughlin House National Historic Site


24. Whitman Mission NHS, WA -- Reference, p. 333
The was the first mission on the Columbia Plateau. It was also a way station on the Oregon Trail.
Link to National Park Service
The Whitman Massacre -- Oregon State Archives



FOOTNOTE: The Historic Sites Act of 1939 established 'a national policy to preserve for public use historic sites, buildings and objects of national significance.'