EXPLORER OF THE NEW WORLD: Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier
by AV

My name is Jacques Cartier. I was born in France in 1491.

In April 1534, my first voyage was when I crossed the Atlantic in only twenty days. I landed at the coast of Newfoundland, then sailed north. From there I sailed in to St. Lawrence River and continued on my travels up the west coast of Newfoundland. I landed at Gaspe Peninsula where friendly Indians greeted me. Here I made friends with the chief. Then I explored Anticosti Island and returned to France.

A year later I started on my second voyage. With the help of Indian guides I explored the St. Lawrence River. A native American village of Stadacona was named Quebec on this trip.

During the winter my men suffered from scurvy. Less than 10% of my men were only well enough to get food and water for the rest of the men. An Indian chief and his son helped us cure the scurvy. All but twenty-five men survived from scurvy. When we were heading back to France we took the Indian chief and his son back with us.

On my third journey I went to look for Saguney, but because of a war with Spain we couldn’t leave until 1541. I had to serve under Jean-Franciscois de la Rocques. We visited Stadacona and built a fort near the mouth of Saguney. My men collected what they thought were gold and diamonds but really were only fools gold and quartz.

I went west looking for Sagunay, but got no further than Charelsbourg. I spent the winter there. Thirty-five of my men were killed in an Indians attack. I returned to St. Malo and lived there the rest of my life.

Bibliography: Jacques Cartier Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, Mariners Museum


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