The New Jersey Colony by A.G.

In 1660 Lord Berkeley founded the New Jersey colony. Most people who settled in New Jersey came from Europe. Some came to find religious freedom, some to find wealth in furs and gold. New Jersey had many different kinds of people, and many different faiths were in New Jersey.

There were Swedish in south New Jersey, Dutch in north New Jersey, and many kinds of English. This mix made all kinds of problems. So for years New Jersey was two separate colonies, north and south . Today north New Jersey is an area of factories and chemical works.

Even before the English took New Netherland from the Dutch in 1664, English settlers had been coming from New England colonies. They were driven away by the same reason that started the colony-- their religion.

Puritans who landed at Plymouth Rock were coming from harsh treatment in their homeland, but they were also strict, harsh and often cruel. They made sure that who- ever settled in Massachusetts must believe puritan.

Edmund Andros liked to arrest people, he even liked to arrest other governors. The situation in New Jersey was such that he had plenty of opportunity.

The appointment of Andros as governor of New Jersey was a perfect example. The Duke of York ordered Andros to govern this region. The Duke seemed not to realize that he gave this gift of New Jersey to Lord Berkeley and Carteret.

They believed they could go ahead as before and make their own governments. Trying to rule their own colony together had to mean trouble. This conflict was new trouble in West New Jersey.

East New Jersey and West Jersey became two colonies. East New Jersey was a mix of people and faiths. West New Jersey was highly populated by the Quakers.

New Jersey had many acres of unsettled land. Many people went in the woods and built log cabins without paying any attention to property rights. They often said when people asked them that they bought their land from the real owners, the Indians.