*North Carolina*
by Z.A.

This is my report on North Carolina. North Carolina was founded in 1629, by King Charles the 1st. He named it after himself, only in Latin. (Carolinus.)

About 35,000 Indians, belonging to about 30 tribes, lived in the North Carolina region when white people first arrived.

Giovanni Da Verrazzano, sailing in the service of France , was the first known white person to explore the North Carolina Coast. The first Permenit white settlers in carolina came from Virginia. They settled in Albemarle Sound region around 1650.

After 1691, governors were appointed to govern the entire Carolina colony, with a deputy govenor for the North Carolina region. The deputy govenors ruled wisely and the colonists accepted them.

While settlers battled the widerness and the Indians during the late 1600s and the early 1700s, pirates terrorized North Carolinas coastline. Most piracy along the Atlantic coast ended after the death of famous pirate Blackbeard in a battle near Oacracoke Island in 1718.

Other noteworthy news about North Carolina:

The Wright Brothers were in North Carolina. They made the worlds first successful power-driven airplane that landed near Kitty Hawk In December 17, 1903.

The North Carolina Research Triangle Park was built to serve in industry, opened near Durham in 1959. The research center is run by three of the states universities.

The tobacco industry grew rapidly in North Carolina after the Civil War. Tobacco factories in the state numbered nearly 130 by 880. Tobacco marketing and manufacturing industry was pioneered by Robert F. Morris and John R. Green before the Civil War and by Washington Duke after the war. On April 12, 1776 North Carolina became the first colony to instruct its delegates to vote for Independence in the Continental Congress.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

World book Encyclopedia & the schools social studies books.



North Carolina, by B.B.

In 1663 King Charles the 2 gave south of Virginia to eight friends. The friends named their colony Carolina after their friend the King (Charles is Latin for Carolus) and became “Lord Proprietors" of Carolina.

The proprietors hoped to make money by renting and selling land in Carolina. But they did not rule their colony well. Settlers complained to the King about high rents and bad governments. In 1729 King George the 2 took over Carolina, and divided it into two separate colonies---- North Carolina and South Carolina.

North Carolina was first settled by farmers from Virginia. A warm climate and good soil made an easy life for them. One visitor wrote that “surely there is no place in the world where the inhabitants live with less labor than in North Carolina.”

Bibliography:

United States and It’s Neighbors, The World Around Us
Publisher: Macmillan/Mcgraw-Hill

______________________________________________

By the end of the 1600’s Virginia had neighbors to the south. These were the colonies of North and South Carolina.

North Carolina and South Carolina were each part of an original grant called Carolina. They hoped to gain wealth through the settlement and development of Carolina. Their idea was to raise silkworms, olives, and wine grapes.

The Carolina proprietors sent three ships from England in 1669. Only one of these ships reached the Carolina coast. Its captain sailed along the coast looking for a suitable place for a settlement. He considered Port Royal but decided that it was too close to the Spanish. The Spanish controlled Florida from their port at St. Augustine.

An Indian who the English met at Port Royal had a suggestion. He described a wonderful place farther north. Excited, the captain, with the Indian on board, sailed to this place.

There he found a good harbor fed by two rivers. It was a good place to settle. Spanish ships would not be able to see the harbor from the sea. It would be easy to protect. On land between the rivers he established the new settlement. It was named Charles Towne in honor of the King.

Today we call Charles Towne Charleston, South Carolina. At first the settlement survived by trading with the Indians for furs and deerskins. Deerskin was valued in Europe for gloves. The early settlers also raised livestock and made barrel parts from timber. It was not long before Charleston became an important trading and agricultural center.

Other settlements in Carolina were in the area of Albemarle Sound. These settlements were a long way from the settlement at Charleston. Most of North Carolina was hillier than the Chesapeake Bay tidelands and the flatlands of South Carolina. It did not attract large landholders because it was not as fertile. Most of North Carolina became a land of small farms.

bibliography: The United States Its History and Neighbors
Publisher: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich