1. Britton N.||
2. Amanda V.||
3. Alex J.||
4. Melissa L.||
5. Anna V.|
6. Levi Y.||
7. Justin H.||
8. Derek J.||
9. Renae S.||
10. Chris R.||
11. Laura K.|
12. Russell S.||
13. John K.||
14. Caleb Y.||
15. Alyssa L.||
16. Samantha H.||
17. Jared W.|
SPECIAL PAGE: Gilgamesh, re-told by Lauren P.
retold by Britton
Gilgamesh: king of Uruk
Enkidu: best friend
Humbaba: evil giant
Utanapishtim: survivor of flood (Utan)
Urshanabi: boat man
In the strong walled city of Uruk lived a king named Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh was very strong and was very good at wrestling. He’s 2 thirds god and 1 third human.
One day a hunter sees a man but the man lives like an animal and he sets the animals that get into traps free. The hunter tells his father and he says that the hunter should go to Gilgamesh and then go and get a priestess to teach the man-animal manners. The hunter did as he was told and the priestess and Enkidu (man-animal) are together for 6 days.
The priestess tells Enkidu of Gilgamesh. Enkidu then realizes that he wants a friend. Enkidu finally dresses like a civilized man and then they start their 3 day long journey to Uruk.
When they get to Uruk Enkidu says goodbye to the priestess. Late that night Enkidu and Gilgamesh run into each other and then they start wrestling and become friends.
Gilgamesh gets board with his life and then realizes he wants to be remembered for something great and not just another king.
So Gilgamesh and Enkidu go to fight Humbaba. On their way out of Uruk Gilgamesh asks every man to come and fight Humbaba. Enkidu realizes that he doesn’t want to fight; he just wants to be Gilgamesh’s body guard.
After traveling for a long time they stop to rest. Gilgamesh dreams that Ceder Mt. crumbles and then someone helps him to his feet. Gilgamesh tells Enkidu about his dream and Enkidu says its a good dream and that he will defeat Humbaba.
Finally they reach Humbaba and then Humbaba and Gilgamesh start to fight. Gilgamesh kills Humbaba by cutting off his head.
When the goddess Ishtar heard about what had happened, she wanted to marry Gilgamesh. Then Gilgamesh says no and she gets very angry and she sends the bull of heaven to kill Gilgamesh. They (Enkidu and Gilgamesh) kill the bull of heaven and then Enkidu is cursed and he dies.
Gilgamesh is very sad and he leaves to find Utanapishtim, the founder of everlasting life. On his way he went through a tunnel for 36 miles. Gilgamesh reaches a sea and Urshanabi the boatman takes him to Utanapishtim.
When they got there Utanapishtim asks them who they are. After they had talked for a while Gilgamesh asks him about everlasting life.
Utanapishtim tells Gilgamesh about the flood story and how at one time all the gods wanted to kill all humans. Except Ea, Ea told Utanapishtim to build an ark to save his relatives and one good carpenter.
Utanapishtim saves his relatives and when the flood is over the gods realize what a big mistake they had made and they give him EVERLASTING LIFE.
Gilgamesh asks Utanapishtim if he can have everlasting life. Utanapishtim tells him that he must have the strength of a god to be able to have everlasting life. He tells him the task he must pass; he must stay awake for 7 nights and 6 days.
Gilgamesh thought that this would be easy. WRONG!! On the first night he fell asleep; they kept track of how many nights he sleeps by putting bread by his head and their were 8 pieces of bread. Utanapishtim awakens him and tells him what had happened.
Gilgamesh was sad, but then then when he was leaving Utanapishtim tells him that there is a rose that gives you everlasting youth. Gilgamesh gets it, but a serpent steals it and then Gilgamesh is left with nothing.
Gilgamesh goes back to Uruk with a sad face. He takes clay tablets and puts them all around the strong walls of the city of Uruk.
retold by Amanda
Gilgamesh = king of Uruk
Enkidu = best friend
Ninsun = Mother of Gilgamesh , goddess
Humbaba = Giant / guards forest
Utanapishtm = Survivor of flood
Urishanaba = boat man
Ishtar = goddess of love and war
Enlil = god of rain
Shamash = sun
Gilgamesh was two thirds god and one third man. He gets divine gifts wisdom, beauty, and courage.
Gilgamesh was a great wrestler he did what ever he wanted. The gods decided to teach him a lesson. They made him just like Gilgamesh. They named him Enkidu, Nintu created him. Enkidu played with the wild animals. One day a hunter saw him, Enkidu scared him off. The hunter told his father about the “wild man.” His father said, “Go to the priestess, bring her back and have her teach Enkidu how to be a human.
The priestess teaches him two to be a human. She persuades him to come to the city. He wants to find a friend so he goes.
Gilgamesh has a dream that a star being falls down and blocks his path. Then he has to fight the star being. Ninsun said, “It means, Enkidu will fight you. And he will become your best friend.
Gilgamesh has another dream, he dreams that Enkidu is an ax. Ninsun said, “It is just like your first dream.”
The gods want Gilgamesh to get married, but he doesn’t want to. Enkidu said, “I will teach him to respect others.” The nobles said, “Gilgamesh has met his match. Then they have a wrestling match. They wrestled like two bulls. Then Gilgamesh gave up. And they become best friends.
Enkidu is sad, because he lost all his strength. Gilgamesh said, “Lets kill the evil giant Humbaba at the cedar mountains.” The evil giants face was like a lion, a roar like a flood, a mouth of flames, breath that burns trees, and teeth like a dragons. Gilgamesh doesn’t care if he dies, he wants to be famous. Enkidu doesn't want to die though. Gilgamesh makes weapons then he asked Shamash for help, he cries out (offering) about his fate. He wants to make a name for himself. Shamash agrees to help because of his offering.
Gilgamesh recruits his country men for the adventures. He asked for fifty men. The gods final advice was to let Enkidu led the Battle into the forest. Wish to have Gilgamesh sacrificed. Enkidu protects the king. Gilgamesh goes to his mother for a blessing and a prayer. Ninsun cries to Shamash “Why such a son?” She prays and asked for help for her son. She adopts Enkidu.
It took three days to get to Humbaba, at four hundred and fifty miles a day. Gilgamesh promised to defeat the evil Humbaba.
Gilgamesh had a dream. He dreams that a mountain falls on him and a man helps him. Ninsun said, “It means that we will kill Humbaba.” He has a second dream. He dreamed that he has to fight a bull. Enkidu said, “Shamash will help.”
Gilgamesh cuts down a cedar tree. Then Humbaba roars, “Who did that.” “Gilgamesh, I have come to banish evil.” Shamash sends eight winds against Humbaba. To help Gilgamesh. Then Humbaba pleads to Shamash for help. Humbaba begs Gilgamesh to let him be his servant. Enkidu said, “Gilgamesh, he is trying to trick you.” They tried to cut off Humbaba head by the third time they did.
Ishtar wants to merry Gilgamesh. He said, “Why should I merry you?” Then he listed all the men that he had hurt/left :
1. Tames a young man. She left him.
2. A Sheppard bird. She cut off his wings.
3. A Stallion, she turned him into a wolf.
5. A Gardener, she turned him into a mole.
Gilgamesh insults her.
Ishtar brings the bull of heaven back., It will bring seven years of famine. Enkidu fights the bull, Gilgamesh helps and they kill it. Enkidu throws the bulls thigh at Ishtar.
Enkidu dreams that he must die. He curses the people who brought him into the city. Shamash scolds him. Enkidu dreams of the house of darkness.
Gilgamesh leaves the city, he wants to find Utanapishtm. He comes to Mt. Mashu, there where guards in front of the tunnel. The tunnel is thirty-six miles long. He starts his journey, when he was in three miles there was no light. From three miles to twenty-six miles it was dark. When he was in thirty-three miles he could see the bright light. When he got out he could see an orchard with jewels on the trees. (He is in the garden of heaven).
After he goes through the orchard he reaches the sea. He sees Siduri, the fish wife. She asked him why he was there. She tells Gilgamesh to except his fate, and to live a happy life. Maybe Urshandio, the boatman can help.
Gilgamesh pleads to have Urshanabi to take him to Utanapishtm. Urshanabi says, ”I will need one hundred and twenty poles, each one a hundred feet long.“ It took three days to reach the waters of death. When they got there Utanapishtm asked Gilgamesh who he was. Gilgamesh told him about Enkidu. Gilgamesh says he is afraid to die. He wants to find out from Utanapishtm how to live forever. Utanapishtm said, “Nothing lasts forever. Humans must experience life and death.“
Utanapishtm looks young and resembles Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh wants to know how Utanapishtm tell his story.
The Story of the Gods
Enlil called an assembly. “The people are noisy we need a flood to kill them.“ Ea appears to Utanapishtm in a dream. Utanapishtm builds an ark, two hundred feet wide and one acre long. He said to bring family relatives, and craft people. It has seven levels and nine sections per level. It took seven days to build it. The heavenly gods watched the flooding. Nintu and Ishtar wept. The humans turned to clay.
The flood lasted for seven days then Shamash appeared. The heavenly gods destroyed the world, but saved the Utanapishtim’s ship. In twelve days the ship landed on Mt. Nisir. In seven days it landed on the mountain. They sent a dove, and a swallow, they both returned. Then he sent the raven and it didn’t return. Utanapishtm makes a sacrifice (sweet aroma). Enlil is angry that someone escaped from the flood. Ea makes Utanapishtm and his wife Immortal.
Utanapishtm tells Gilgamesh he must posses the strength of a god, to live forever. Gilgamesh must remain awake for seven days and six nights. Gilgamesh falls asleep Utanapishtm’s wife bakes a loaf of bread every day to prove that he was a sleep. There were seven loafs of bread. Gilgamesh knew he must die. Utanapishtm tell Gilgamesh about his gifts of Heroism.
Utanapishtm tells the boatman to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk. Utanapishtm’s wife asked, “what gift will be given to Gilgamesh for his journey? “ The gift of a plant that grants eternal youth.
Gilgamesh ties two stones to his feet. Then he goes in a boat on the water he goes into the water and gets the plant (all thorny). Then he lets the stones go and goes to shore. He puts it in a pool. A serpent takes the plant and it makes him young again. Gilgamesh returns to Uruk and says, “I built this.” On the walls of Uruk there is this story. (The walls are made up by tablets).
retold by Alex
Gilgamesh = King of Uruk
Enkidu = Best Friend
Ninsun = Mother of Gilgamesh [goddess]
Lugalbanda = Father of Gilgamesh [mortal]
Humbaba = Giant/ Guards Forest
Utanapishtim = Survivor of Flood
Urshanabi = Boat Man
Shamash = Sun
Gilgamesh built the city of Uruk. He is a tyrant [mean ruler]. He told his adventures on the stones of the strong walls of Uruk. That’s how he got this story.
Once there was a king named Gilgamesh. He was 1/3 man and 2/3 god. He got divine gifts when he was born. Gilgamesh grew up and was a great wrestler. He wrestled really mean.
The gods decided to make Enkidu to teach Gilgamesh a lesson.
Enkidu went with the priestess. She told Enkidu that Gilgamesh will see you in his dream. In his dream a “star being” falls and blocks his path. He has to fight it. Ninsun says it means you will fight Enkidu. Enkidu will be a friend to you. In his second dream there’s an ax. She said the ax is Enkidu.
Later Enkidu says he will teach Gilgamesh to respect others. The nobles think Gilgamesh has met his match.
Gilgamesh went to the temple. Then Enkidu stopped him from going in. They wrestled like two bulls. Then they became friends.
Enkidu is sad. He has lost his strength. Gilgamesh wants to cheer him up by them going to kill Humbaba. Humbaba Has a face like a lion, roar like a flood, teeth like a dragon’s mouth, and breath that burns trees.
Gilgamesh wants to be famous when he dies. Enkidu doesn’t want to die. For the journey Gilgamesh made an ax and a sword. Gilgamesh then asks Shamash to help them. Shamash agrees to help. The elders try to convince him not to go. Final advice was to have Enkidu lead. Gilgamesh goes to mother for blessing and prayers. Ninsun prays and asks for help for Gilgamesh. Then she adopts Enkidu.
They went 450 miles in three days. Gilgamesh promises to defeat Humbaba. He says not to be afraid to die.
In Gilgamesh’s dream a mountain falls on him and a man helps him. Enkidu says it means they defeat Humbaba. In his second dream he fights with a bull. Then the bull helps him. Enkidu says Shamash will help defeat the giant.
When they wake up Gilgamesh cuts down a tree. Humbaba asks with a roar who did it? Gilgamesh says he has come to banish evil. Shamash sends 8 winds at Humbaba. Humbaba asks Shamash for help. Begs Gilgamesh to be his servant. Enkidu says he’s trying to trick you. They cut off his head. He’s killed!
When they return to Uruk, Ishtar falls in love with Gilgamesh. He listed What happened to those who loved her. She left Tammuz. Plucked off bird’s wing. Made stallion drink bad water. Turned herdsman into a wolf. Turned father’s gardener into a mole.
Ishtar cries to Anu. Please let the bull of heaven kill Gilgamesh, or else. Anu sends down the bull of heaven. They kill the bull of heaven. Enkidu has to die because they killed the bull and Humbaba. Then Enkidu gets ill. Enkidu died. Gilgamesh wept 7 days hoping Enkidu will come back.
Gilgamesh leaves to grassy plains. He wants to find Utanapishtim. He kills 2 lions and makes a coat. Comes to Mt. Mashu which is guarded by 2 scorpions. he says he wants to find Utanapishtim. To reach him he has to go through a 36 mile tunnel.
At 18 miles there’s no light at all. 27 miles in he can feel wind. He starts walking faster. 33 miles in he can see very little light. He comes out and there’s an orchard of jeweled trees. Enters Garden of Heavenly Gods. Fish wife Siduri asks why are you here?
Utanapishtim sees Gilgamesh. Asks who are you? Gilgamesh tells of his friend’s death. Gilgamesh is afraid of the endless sleep. He wants to live forever. He wants to find out from Utanapishtim how to live everlasting life. He says nothing lasts forever. Gods decreed humans must experience life and death.
Gilgamesh wants to know how Utanapishtim acquired everlasting life. He tells Gilgamesh a secret of the gods. The flood story.
Enlil calls an assembly. Says people are noisy. Enlil wants people destroyed. Ea doesn’t want people to die. So he appears in Utanapishtim’s dream. Gives him a task. He has to build an ark. The length and width have to be the same. Has to be solid timber. Says to bring family, craft workers, the seeds of life. It took 7 days to build the ark.
They start the flooding. Nintu and Ishtar start weeping. The humans turn to clay. 7 days of flood waters. Then Shamash appears. Utanapishtim’s ark was saved. It floats 12 days. Lands on Mt. Nisir. Let’s go dove, swallow, and raven. The raven doesn’t return.
Enlil is angry someone escaped. Ea says you could’ve sent wild animals, decease, or famine to decrease population. Enlil makes Utanapishtim and wife mortal.
Utanapishtim tells Gilgamesh you have to possess strength of gods to live forever.
He must remain awake for 6 days and 7 nights on his feet. He falls asleep and, Utanapishtim’s wife bakes bread. She does that to show that Gilgamesh was asleep. When Gilgamesh woke up the 1st one was dry. The 2nd one spoiled. The 3rd one soggy. The 4th one had a white crust. The 5th one moldy. The 6th one fresh. The 7th one warm. Gilgamesh groans because he knows he must die!
Utanapishtim tells Gilgamesh about his gifts. Anu, Ea, and Enlil smile down on the king of Uruk, Gilgamesh. Utanapishtim tells Urshanabi to take Gilgamesh back. Utanapishtim’s wife asks what gifts will be given to Gilgamesh for his journey? He gets a plant that grants eternal youth.
They ride in the boat until they get to shore. Then they find a pool. Gilgamesh decides to go for a swim. When he’s in the water a snake steals the plant. Then it eats it. It loses it’s old skin and gets new skin. They Walk to Uruk. Gilgamesh says to Urshanabi that I built this! Then they go into Uruk.
Retold by Melissa
In the epic story of Gilgamesh, there were two men, one was a king and one was a wild man that lived with the animals.
One day a hunter set a bear trap and it caught a deer, and Enkidu set it free. The hunter saw Enkidu and told his father; the hunter’s father went to town and got a priestess. The priestess taught Gilgamesh how to respect others.
While Enkidu was in the city he stopped Gilgamesh from going into the temple, because he knew that Gilgamesh would die if he did. The two men wrestled like bulls and became best friends.
Enkidu was sad that he lost his strength to run with the deer. But Gilgamesh asked if Enkidu wanted to kill the Evil giant, Humbaba. Enkidu said yes but first they had to make weapons. Gilgamesh went to Shamash and told him his fate,and told him that he wanted to make a name for himself. Sham ash agreed to help. Enkidu found fifty young men to help them on their journey.
Before Gilgamesh went on his journey he went to see his mother for a blessing. Gilgamesh’s mother asked Sham ash why such a son. Gilgamsh’s mother adopted Enkidu!
The men walked on a path that was four hundred and fifty miles, they covered that land in three days. Gilgamesh didn’t want to go back to the town until he defeated Humbaba. That night Gilgamesh had a dream that a mountain fell on him and some men helped him. Enkidu this dream meant that they would kill Humbaba. Gilgamesh had another dream that he fought a bull and got help from it. He told Enkidu and he said that that meant Shamash would help them defeat Humbaba.
Gilgamesh cut down a cedar tree, Humbaba roared “Who did that?!?!”
Gilgamesh replied “I did and I have come to vanish evil!”Gilgamesh sent eight winds against Humbaba. The evil giant pleaded to Shamash for help, he even begged to Gilgamesh to be his servant. Enkidu said that he was just trying to trick Gilgamesh, he and Enkidu cut off Humbaba’s head.
After returning to Uruk Ishtar goddess of love, told Gilgamesh that she wanted to marry him. Gilgamesh said no and told her of all her other loves. Ishtar cries to her father “I wish to let the bull of heaven out so it can kill Gilgamesh.”
Ishtar’s father told her that if they let the bull of heaven out that it would cause seven years of famine and asked her if she had enough food for everyone? Ishtar said she did.
So the bull was let out Enkidu and Gilgamesh fought the bull and killed it. Gilgamesh threw the thigh at Ishtar.
That night Enkidu had a dream that he must die, he cursed the people that brought him to the city, Shamash scolds him, Enkidu apologizes. Enkidu died that night. Gilgamesh announced a day of mourning.
Gilgamesh left the city to find Utanapishtim. On the way there he had to travel through a tunnel that was thirty six miles long.
Ushanabi, Utanapishim’s boat man might be able to help me. First First Ushanabi needed one-hundred and twenty poles that were one-hundred feet long. It took them three days to reach the waters of death. Utanapishtim saw them in the water. Gilgamesh told of his friend’s death. He wanted to know how Utanapishim acquired everlasting life. Utanapishtim replied “Nothing is forever human beings must experience life and death.”
Utanapishtim told Gilgamesh his story of how Ea came to him in a dream and and told him to build an ark take his family, craftsman and two of every animal board with him. After it stopped raining he let some birds go and when one didn’t come back he knew that it had found a place to land.
Enlil was furious when he found out that someone had escaped. Ea explained what else Enlil could have sent instead of a flood.
Utanapishtim told Gilgamesh that he must poses the strength of a god to live forever, he must stay away awake for seven days and six nights. Gilgamesh falls asleep Utanapishtim’s wife baked a loaf of bread for ever day that he was asleep. Just as Untanpishtim’s wife was setting the seventh one down Gilgamsh woke up, he thought that he had just dozed off. Utanapishtim explained that the first loaf was dry, the second spoiled, the third soggy, the fourth one had turned white around the edges, the fifth was moldy, the sixth one was fresh, and the seventh one was fresh out of the oven.
Gilgamesh groaned because he knew he would die. Utanapishtim told Gilgamesh that while he was sleeping the gods gave him some gifts of heroism. The gift that Utanapishtim gave him was a plant that gave hi eternal youth.
On the way back to Uruk Gilgamesh decided to bathe, he put the plant down on the shore of the pool. While Gilgamesh was bathing a sea serpent took the plant and became younger and younger.
Gilgamesh returned to Uruk sad but alive. He showed Ushanabi his city he was very impressed. Gilgamesh put all his travels on tablets and put them on the wall of the city so everyone would remember him.
retold by Anna V.
Once, long ago, there was a man named Gilgamesh who ruled the city of Uruk. He was two thirds god and one third human. Gilgamesh was the person that had built the strong walls around the city. He wrote the story of his life on the walls. In the center of the city was the temple of Anu and Ishtar.
Everyone in the city thought that Gilgamesh was a rough leader. So one day, Nintu said that she would create a person equal to Gilgamesh. That person would teach Gilgamesh to respect everyone else in the village.
Nintu created a person and sent him down. He was a wild person. His name was Enkidu.
One time a hunter went out hunting. He caught a glimpse of Enkidu three times, once each day, at the water hole, and became frightened. All of the animals that he caught in a trap, Enkidu would release.
The hunter went back to his father and told him about what he had seen. His father said to him, “Go get a priestess from the temple and bring her here. The wild person will go to her and she will teach him to be a civilized human.”
So the hunter went and did as his father told him to. And, just as his father had said, Enkidu came to the priestess. She brought Enkidu inside and gave him good clothes to wear. After that, the priestess took Enkidu to the city of Uruk. Enkidu learned to eat and drink like a human.
The priestess said to Enkidu, “You will get to meet the king!” Enkidu was anxious to meet Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh had a dream that night. He dreamed that a person got in his path while he was walking , and they got into a fight, but later they became friends. The next day Gilgamesh went to his mother, Ninsun, and told her about his dreams.
When Gilgamesh was coming out of the temple of Anu and Ishtar, Enkidu was standing in the way. He and Enkidu started to wrestle. After they were through wrestling, Gilgamesh realized that this must be the person in his dreams that became his friend. So Gilgamesh took Enkidu to his palace and gave him a room. He and Enkidu did become best friends.
One day Enkidu was feeling sad. When Gilgamesh asked him what the matter was, Enkidu replied, “I feel weak now. I used to be strong and run with the wild animals, but now that I live here in the city of Uruk, I have lost my strength.”
Gilgamesh had an idea to cheer him up. “Let’s kill Humbaba, the giant who guards the cedar forest,” he said, “and destroy all evil in the land!”
Enkidu agreed. The next day Gilgamesh told Ninsun about their plan before setting off on their journey. Ninsun asked Shamash, “Why must my son be like this?” She also said a prayer for Gilgamesh and her adopted son, Enkidu. Shamash followed Gilgamesh and Enkidu to protect them.
Gilgamesh wanted to be a hero. Even if he died, he would be famous because he was brace enough to approach and try to kill Humbaba.
It would take a normal man a long time to reach the cedar forest, but Gilgamesh and Enkisu reached it in six days. When they reached the cedar forest, they stopped to rest. Enkidu had a dream about Shamash, that he helped them when they were in danger.
The next morning Gilgamesh became frightened about approaching Humbaba. Enkidu told him not to be scared.
Gilgamesh took his ax and chopped down a cedar tree to get Humbaba’s attention. Humbaba heard the tree fall. He came thundering over.
“Who is this person who cut down my cedar tree?” he bellowed. Gilgamesh came forward and cornered Humbaba by his house. Humbaba begged and pleaded for Gilgamesh to let him go. He said that if Gilgamesh let him go he would be his servant.
Shamash said to Gilgamesh, “Humbaba is lying. He is trying to trick to let him go. If you really do set him free, he will surely kill you.”
So Gilgamesh did not set him free. He and Enkidu struck Humbaba three times. On the third blow Humbaba fell down dead. After that the two friend returned home.
Ishtar, the goddess of love, wanted to marry Gilgamesh. She told him that she would do many wonderful things for him. Gilgamesh refused. He told her all about all of the people that she had married before, and all of the bad things that she had done to them.
What Gilgamesh had said upset Ishtar. She went to her father, Anu, and said, “Father, let me send the bull of heaven upon Gilgamesh to kill him. If I am not able to do that, I will let all of the dead people out of the land of the dead, and they shall terrorize the living!”
Anu let Ishtar take the bull of heaven. She had it go down to Gilgamesh. He and Enkidu seized it, and after a long fight, killed it. That night, Enkidu had a dream that because he had killed the bull of heaven, he must die. A little while later, Enkidu got very ill. Gilgamesh told him about what a great friend he was. Then Enkidu died.
Gilgamesh was very upset. He said that everyone would weep for Enkidu. Then Gilgamesh realized that he did not want to die himself. He decided that he would search for Utanapishtim, the only human ever to find ever-lasting life and join the assembly of the gods. Maybe he would be able to get ever-lasting life for himself.
He set off across the plain, dressed in animal hides and eating what he could find. His hair became matted, and he lost a lot of weight. Gilgamesh no longer looked like a noble.
All of a sudden he came across a couple of lions. They were blocking the path and there was no way around. Gilgamesh had to kill them to continue.
At last he came across a tunnel that lead to the sea, but there were guards in front of it. They demanded Gilgamesh’s name and the reason why he was here. Gilgamesh replied, “I am Gilgamesh, the king of the city of Uruk. I am looking for Utanapishtim, the faraway, also the only human to find ever-lasting life and join the assembly of the gods.”
The guards said to him, “No one has ever been able to find Utanapishtim. But if you really wish, you may pass.”
Gilgamesh entered the tunnel. It was very dark inside; he could hardly even see his hands in front of him. When he traveled in even farther, he couldn’t see anything at all.
At last he reached the end of the tunnel. There was a huge orchard, filled with trees that had jewels growing on them.
Gilgamesh traveled on even farther along until he reached the sea. The fish-wife’s hut was there on the shore. When Fish-wife saw Gilgamesh, she became frightened. She latched her gate, dashed inside and barred her door. Gilgamesh used his sword to cut open the gate. Fish-wife asked Gilgamesh who he was and why he looked the way he was. Gilgamesh told her his name and about his journey. Fish-wife said, “Urshanabi, the boat man, might be able to get you across the sea.”
Gilgamesh went over to where Urshanabi lived. There were several statues sitting there. He crushed them, which made Urshanabi very angry. Urshanabi rushed out and demanded his name and why he was here. Again, Gilgamesh told his name and all about his journey.
Urshanabi told Gilgamesh to get 120 logs to push them through the water. Gilgamesh did this. So they set off across the ocean. After a while, they reached the water of death. Being careful not to touch the water, Gilgamesh pushed the boat through the water using the 120 logs. When they ran out of logs they used Gilgamesh’s shirt as a sail. Finally they reached land.
Utanapishtim saw them and came over. Gilgamesh asked him how he got ever-lasting life and joined the assembly of the gods. Utanapishtim said, “Nothing lasts forever. But I will tell you the story of the great flood and how I got ever-lasting life.”
So Utanapishtim began to tell his story: “Once, long ago, the gods thought that the humans were too noisy. So Enlil, the god of wind and rain, decided to send a flood. But Ea did not want this to happen. I received a dream about the flood. Ea told me to build a cubical ark and that I should bring my family and crafts people aboard. Also, I should bring every species of animal aboard. I did as I was told, and a few days after I had launched the ark into the ocean, the flood came.
“The sky became completely covered with clouds. Rain started pouring down. The gods became frightened, so they all kid up in the sky. Ishtar started crying, and pretty soon all of the gods were crying.
“The flood lasted six days and seven nights. Finally the sun came out. My ark landed on a mountain. I sent out a dove, and it circled back to me. Later, I sent out a swallow, and it also came back to me. After a while I sent out a raven, and it did not return to me so I let out all of the animals.
“I sacrificed a sheep for the gods. They all gathered around it. When Enlil saw that someone had survived, he was furious. He asked how it had happened. The other gods said that only Ea, the wise one, could have thought of a thing like this. Ea said, ‘Utanapishtim saw this in a dream. It is not my fault. You could have sent many things instead of a food that would just decrease the number of humans, not wipe them out completely.’
“Enlil took my wife and I aside. He gave us both ever-lasting life, and a place in the assembly of the gods. That’s how it came to be.
“Now, if you want ever-lasting life too, Gilgamesh, you shall have to have the strength of a god. The first thing that you have to do is stay awake for seven days and seven nights.”
Gilgamesh thought that for sure he would make it. But it was only a few minutes later that he fell fast asleep. Utanapishtim told his wife to bake a loaf of bread for every day that he was asleep. She did this. At the end of the week all of the bread was bad except for the most recent one which was still fresh out of the oven.
Utanapishtim touched Gilgamesh to wake him. When Gilgamesh woke up, he said, “I was just feeling a bit drowsy when you touched me!” But Utanapishtim told him the truth.
Gigamesh was very disappointed. He went over to Urshanabi to get ready to go. Utanapishtim’s wife said, “Gilgamesh made a long and difficult journey. Shouldn’t he get something for that?” Utanapishtim agreed. He called Gilgamesh back to him.
“Gilgamesh,” he said, “you have made a long and difficult journey. For that, I will tell you how to get a plant that gives you ever-lasting youth. It lives at the bottom of the sea. There are sharp thorns that will prick your hand if you touch it, but if you get it and keep it, you shall be young as long as you live.”
Gilgamesh tied heavy rocks to his feet, stuck a dagger in his belt, and jumped into the water. The rocks pulled him down so he was able to reach the plant at the bottom. After he picked the plant, Gilgamesh cut the rocks off his feet with his dagger and swam to the surface.
Urshanabi and Gilgamesh started back to the city of Uruk. They had traveled a long time, so they stopped to swim a bit in a lake. But as they were in the lake, a serpent came up out of the water and slithered over to where the plant of ever-lasting youth was laying. He picked it up and slithered back to the water. The serpent became young again, and dropped the plant down to the bottom of the lake. Gilgamesh knew that he would never get the plant back, so he and Urshanabi sadly went back to the city of Uruk.
At last Gilgamesh and Urshanabi reached the city of Uruk. When they walked inside, Gilgamesh said to Urshanabi, “Walk around and admire these walls. Enjoy them, be astonished how the top shines like copper, but is only brick. Be dazzled by their beauty. It was I, Gilgamesh, the king of the city of Uruk, was the one who built these walls. I am a hero to everyone in this city, for I have accomplished many great things in my life.”
Gilgamesh = is king of Uruk 2/3 god 1/3 man
Enkidu = his best friend ( equal )
Ninsun = Mother of Gilgamesh ( goddess )
Lugalbanda = Father of Gilgamesh ( mortal )
Humbaba = giant / guards cedar forest
Utanapishtim = Survivor of flood
Urshanabi = boat man
Along time ago in the city of Uruk there was a king named Gilgamesh. In Uruk there is a temple of Anu and Ishtar. Now Gilgamesh was not a very good King. In fact he was a tyrant. Now Gilgamesh was not a god. He was only 2/3 god and 1/3 man. He was given many gifts, like beauty, wisdom, and courage.
Now the gods assembled and talked about how they could teach Gilgamesh to respect his people. So they asked Ninsun to create Enkidu to teach Gilgamesh a lesson. Ninsun creates Enkidu in the form of Anu except Enkidu is born full grown and covered in hair. He lives with the animals of the wild.
But one day a hunter sees Enkidu and tells his father, because Enkidu is releasing the animals from their traps. The father tells the son to get the priestess. She comes and spends many days with Enkidu, and soon he becomes a real human. But then the wild animals wouldn’t come near him any more.
The priestess tells him how to eat like a man, but Enkidu gets sad and wants a friend. So the priestess tells Enkidu about Gilgamesh. Enkidu also help to guard the shepherds animals. The Enkidu dresses like a nobleman, and he and the priestess begin their 3 day journey to Uruk.
Now about this time, in Uruk, Gilgamesh was having a dream. When he woke up he went to Ninsun to ask what it meant. In his dream there was a star being. It falls down from the sky and blocks Gilgamesh from going to the temple. They fight but no one wins. Ninsun says that Enkidu will be his best friend.
Then Gilgamesh has another dream. This time there is an axe and Gilgamesh fights it. Ninsun says it means Enkidu will teach Gilgamesh to respect his people. When Enkidu gets to Uruk he sees Gilgamesh going to the temple, stops him, and wrestles him. But no one wins because they are each others match. Then they become best friends.
Enkidu was feeling sad because the wild animals wouldn’t come near him. So Gilgamesh says they should go to the cedar forest to kill Humbaba, the giant, who guards the cedar forest. Enkidu does not want to die, but Gilgamesh tells him, “we all must die sometime.”
They take many supplies, and ask for help from Shamash. Also the gods say that Enkidu must lead the group. So Gilgamesh will be safe.
The two friends do t he journey in three days which should really take 6 weeks. The cedar mt. is the home of the heavenly gods. Gilgamesh has a dream that the Cedar Mt. crushes him, but a man saves him. Enkidu tells him that the dream means they will defeat Humbaba. Then Gilgamesh has another dream. Gilgamesh fights a bull and gets food from it. It means that Shamash will help beat Humbaba.
Gilgamesh cuts down a cedar tree to get Humbaba’s attention. Humbaba hears and is very angry. Gilgamesh responds by saying, “I have come to kill you “. Shamash helps by sending 8 winds to trap Humbaba against his lodge. Humbaba says he will be Gilgamesh’s servant, but Enkidu says,” don’t listen to him” . Then Gilgamesh chops off Humbaba’s head.
They return to Uruk safely and everyone is happy. Then Ishtar the goddess of love wants to marry Gilgamesh, but Gilgamesh lists all the men’s heart’s she has broken. So he refuses. Ishtar is angry and goes to her father to ask for the bull of heaven. So it can kill Gilgamesh. Her father says if the bull of heaven is loose there will be a 7 year famine. Ishtar sets it free, and Enkidu fights it. Gilgamesh helps and they kill it. Then Ekidu throws the thigh at Ishtar.
That night Enkidu has a dream that means he must die. Enkidu curses everyone who brought him to Uruk, but Shamash scolds him. Then Enkidu apologizes. Then Enkidu has another dream. He dreams of the “house of darkness” ( Death ). Later Enkidu dies, and Gilgamesh is so upset that he builds a statue for Enkidu. Also Gilgamesh pronounces a day of mourning for Enkidu.
Gilgamesh leaves Uruk to find Utanapishtim. Who was a man, but found everlasting life. Gilgamesh kills two lions and wears their skins. He comes to Mt. Mashu. Two scorpion men guard the gate, but they allow him to pass through.
He goes into a tunnel that goes from east to west for 36 miles with no light in the tunnel. when he comes out he is in the “Garden of the Heavenly gods” with jewel trees. then Gilgamesh reaches the sea, and sees the fish wife Sidur. She goes inside her house to hide because she is afraid of Gilgamesh. She asks why he is dressed so strange. He tells her about Enkidu’s death.
Then she tells Gilgamesh to accept his fate as it is, and to find happiness with your wife, children, food, and clothes. Then Gilgamesh asks how he can get to Utanapishtim. Sidur says to talk to Urshanabi the boat man.
Gilgamesh goes to the forest to find Urshanabi, and when he finds some stone images he destroys them because he is so mad. Urshanabi tells Gilgamesh that the stone images were to help him get across the waters of death. So Gilgamesh has to make poles to push the boat across the waters.
When they get to Utanapishtim Gilgamesh tells him about Enkidu, and asks must he also die( sleep the endless sleep )? Utanapishtim says that nothing lasts forever on earth, and that the gods decreed that all humans must die. But that day is not known.
Gilgamesh asks “How did you get everlasting life”? Utanapishtim said it was a secret of the gods. Utanapishtim tells the story of the flood to Gilgamesh.
Utanapishtim must take with him the crafts people, a seed of all living things and animals. Also on the 7th day the floods will come. Adad, the storm god, sends the flood. Ishtar cries for her children, and then all the gods cry.
It floods for 7 days, and when Utanapishtim saw the people being destroyed he cried. On the 8th day Shamash the sun god comes out . They float for 12 days. Then the ship comes to rest on Mt. Ninson. On the 7th day Utanapishtim sends a dove, and it comes back. Then he sends a swallow, and it comes back too. Then he sends out a raven and it doesn’t come back.
Meanwhile the gods are angry with Enlil. They ask why couldn’t he just make their population smaller. Instead of wiping them out.
End of the Flood Story
Utanapishtim tells Gilgamesh that he must posses the strength of a god. He must stay awake for 6 days 7 nights. That night Gilgamesh sleeps, and he sleeps all week. So Utanapishtim records his sleep with a loaf of bread for each day. Gilgamesh knows he failed the test. Gilgamesh is sad, but Utanapishtim says that he has gotten gifts besides everlasting life. Utanapishtim tells the boat man to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk, but Utanapishtim’s wife says, “ what will you give Gilgamesh for his journey. “
The gift is a plant that will give you everlasting youth. The plant is under water. So Gilgamesh ties two rocks to his feet and gets the plant. After a while Gilgamesh stops to swim. A serpent comes out of the water and steels the plant.
After Gilgamesh realizes that it is gone he is sad again. They walk 60 miles and eat. Then thy walk 90 miles and sleep. Finally they get to Uruk. Gilgamesh says to the boat man, “ Gaze upon one mans achievements". Then Gilgamesh puts on the walls tablets all his journeys.
Gilgamesh: king of Uruk
Enkidu: Gilgamesh’s best friend
Ninsun: mother of Gilgamesh (goddess)
Lugalbanda: father of Gilgamesh (human)
Humbamba: giant/guards forest
Utanapishtim: survivor of land
Gilgamesh was the king of Uruk, which he had built with his own hands with walls around it. Gilgamesh was two thirds god and one third human. He was known to be a harsh ruler. He was given the gifts of beauty, wisdom and courage from the gods.
After Anu got annoyed with Gilgamesh, he asked Nintu to create a man to teach Gilgamesh respect. Nintu created Enkidu from clay. When Enkidu was made, he was fully grown He lived like a wild man. A hunter saw Enkidu killing and eating animals. The hunter told his father, who got a priestess to make Enkidu live like a normal human. The priestess stayed with Enkidu six days and taught him wisdom.
Enkidu began to want a friend. So the priestess told him about Gilgamesh. Enkidu then cut off his hair and dresses nice. He took a three day journey to Uruk to meet Gilgamesh and teach him respect.
Before Enkidu arrives, Gilgamesh had a dream that a star being fell in his path and fought him. Ninsun told Gilgamesh that the star being is Enkidu and Enkidu will be his friend. Gilgamesh had another dream. That time about an axe. Ninsun says the dreams both meant the same thing.
Gilgamesh and Enkidu fought. The match is equal and they became friends.
So the two friends went on a journey to fight Humbaba. Gilgamesh then said to Enkidu, “Let’s go kill the evil monster!” Humbaba roared like a lion, had the teeth of a dragon, and spit flames from his mouth. Gilgamesh wanted to become famous. He has a fate to die (he’s part mortal) so it was best for him to gain fame. Enkidu wasn’t ready to die, so Gilgamesh pleaded for help from Shamash. Shamash agreed to help.
Gilgamesh took with him, fifty youths, to defeat Humbaba. the evil monster. They also made weapons. The Nobles give advice to have Enkidu lead the way. Enkidu also was Gilgamesh’s body guard. Gilgamesh prayed for blessings from Ninsun. Ninsun adapted Enkidu as her son to protect him.
Gilgamesh and Enkidu traveled 150 miles every day and the journey took them three days. When they came to fight Humbaba, Enkidu became afraid. Gilgamesh told him to be brave and not to fear.
The next day Gilgamesh had a dream that Cedar Mountain (Humbaba), was crushed and Gilgamesh was rescued by a man. Enkidu said that it’s a good dream; they will defeat Humbaba. The next night Gilgamesh had another dream again. This time about a bull that they fought to get food. Enkidu said that the bull was Shamash, would will help them.
Gilgamesh cut down cedar trees, which made Humbaba angry. Gilgamesh told Humbaba, “I came to get rid of evil, you!” Then Shamash sent eight winds against Humbaba. Humbaba cried with Shamash for help. He offered to be Gilgamesh’s servant as well. Enkidu told Gilgamesh that Humbaba was trying to trick him. So they killed Humbamba. Enkidu and Gilgamesh chopped down all the cedar trees and took them to the city.
Ishtar, the goddess of love, wanted to marry Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh wouldn’t. He reminded Ishtar of what she had done to her former loves. Ishtar got very angry and cried to her father, Anu. She asked to kill Gilgamesh with the bull of heaven. If she did though, there would be a seven year famine. So she gathered enough food to last seven years.
When she released the bull Enkidu and Gilgamesh killed it. Enkidu threw the bull’s thigh at Ishtar. Then Enkidu had a dream that he must die. So he curses everyone that brought him to the city. Enkidu was scolded by Shamash, so he apologized. Enkidu then had a dream about the House of Darkness (underworld, and death.) Gilgamesh was very sad and told everyone to weep for Enkidu. So Gilgamesh made a gold statue of Enkidu in his honor.
Gilgamesh left Uruk and wept. He wanted to find Utanapishtim because Utanapishtim had found everlasting life. Then Gilgamesh killed two lions to make a coat from its fur. To find Utanapishtim, Gilgamesh had to travel over Mount Mashu which had a gate to go through. He had to then travel through a pure dark tunnel that was 36 miles long. Gilgamesh passed through the “Garden of Heavenly gods” which was full of “Jewel Trees.” Then Gilgamesh had reached the sea where he saw the fishwife, Sidur. Sidur asked Gilgamesh why he looked so bad. Gilgamesh told her about the death of Enkidu. She had accepted his fate.
When Gilgamesh asked her where to find Utanapishtim, she tells him to go to Urshanabi for help. So Gilgamesh went to Urshanabi and asked for the way to Utanapishtim. Gilgamesh destroyed the sacred stone images. He used them to steer with when he crosses the sea in a boat. Utanapishtim saw Gilgamesh and. He asked him, “Who are you and what are you doing here?” Gilgamesh told him about his good friend, Enkidu.
Then Gilgamesh wanted to know how to live forever on earth. Utanapishtim said to Gilgamesh, “Nothing will last forever and nothing is permanent.” The gods told Gilgamesh that all humans would die, but the day was unknown.
Utanapishtim told GIlgamesh a secret of the gods, a flood story: Enlil was becoming angry with the people because they were too loud and wild. So Enlil decided to send a flood. He asked Ea a task; to build an ark. So Ea built an ark in seven days. He brought with him his family, relatives, crafts people, and the seeds of every living thing. The ark had nine sections on each story and seven stories. Ea then got into the ark (with everyone and every thing that came with him.) So Adad, the storm god, sent a flood. The flood lasted seven days. After the flood, all the humans had turned into clay.
The ark sat on Mt. Nisin for seven days. Ea then sent a dove. The dove returned. So Ea sent a swallow, and the swallow returned also. When Ea sent a raven, the raven didn’t return. So Ea got out of the ark.
Ea wasn’t very happy that all humans had been wiped out. He cried to Enlil, “Why couldn’t you have sent a famine disease to decrease the population, not wipe out?” Then Enlil gave Utanapishtim everlasting life.
Utanapishtim told Gilgamesh he must posses the strength of a god to live forever. Gilgamesh had to stay awake seven nights and six days to posses the strength of a god. The next day though, he had fallen asleep for seven days. Utanapishtim told Gilgamesh that the gods had given him other gifts (heroism.) So Utanapishtim commanded the boatman, Urshanabi, to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk.
Utanapishtim gave Gilgamesh a gift to return with. He told him about a plant that gives eternal youth. So Gilgamesh got the plant and swam in a pool. He left the plant on the shore. Then a snake had taken the plant. It got rid of his old skin and had grown a new one.
So Gilamesh walked many days until he reached Uruk. He told Urshanabi, “Gaze upon on man’s achievment.”
Gilgamesh built a city with very strong walls and a temple in the middle. He named this city Uruk and crowed himself king.
Gilgamesh is 1 third man and 2 thirds gods. When he was born he was given divine gift such as beauty, wisdom, strength, and courage.
The gods of the heavens above had an assembly. In that assembly Anu asked Nintu to create Enkidu, an equal to Gilgamesh, to teach the tyrant Gilgamesh a lesson.
So Nintu went to work and created a wild man named Enkidu. He lived in the woods helping animals live by helping the out of traps and other situations.
While Enkidu was walking in the forest a hunter saw him. The hunter was so scared he ran home and told his father about the wild man in the forest. The hunters father told his son to get a priestess in disbelieve.
Nintu heard about the hunter seeing Enkidu so she went and told him the customs of a man. After Enkidu had learnd the customs of a man, Enkidu and Nintu took a 3 day journey to Uruk for Enkidu to teach Gilgamesh a lesson.
It was Known to all the people Uruk as an equal match, but when Enkidu came face to with Gilgamesh they became friends.
Enkidu got sad because he missed the animals of the forest. So Gilgamesh suggested to kill evil Hummbaba to cheer Enkidu up.
When Enkidu and Gilgamesh got to cedar mountain and the cedar forest Shamash (the sun god) was high in the air. Gilgamesh wanted to be famous. he thought the only way to be famous was to die mortal, “ So it’s best to gain fame,” Gilgamesh said to Enkidu. “But I’m not ready to die,” Enkidu said back. Later, Ninsun, Gilgameshes mother, complains to Shamash Gilgamesh is going to fight Humbaba. Ninsun also asked Shamash to protect Gilgamesh.
While Gilgamesh was traveling through the cedar forest, he cut down a cedar tree to draw the attention of evil Humbaba. Humbaba heard the tree crack and came to Gilgamesh. “I came to get rid of evil and that is to get rid of you,” Gilgamesh said to Humbaba. Then Shamash sent the eight winds against Humbaba. “Let me be your servant,” Humbaba said pleading for Gilgameshes help.
“Don’t let him get away,” Enkidu said to Gilgamesh watch In the battle. Then Gilgamesh cut off Humbabas head and Humbaba went to the house of darkness.
Ishtar, the goddess of love, wants to marry Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh simply say no and calls Ishtar insults like:
Tammuz - Cries year after year
Shephered - Bird that lost its wings
Stallion - Died from bad water
Herdsman - Turned to wolf
And Gardener - Turned to mole
Ishtar went crying to her father Anu, asking for the bull of heaven to kill Gilgamesh. Anu told his daughter Ishtar that the bull of heaven will bring 7 years of famine.
Enkidu and Gilgamesh killed the bull of heaven and Enkidu through a thigh at Ishtar. Enkidu in great anger cursed at the people for bringing him to the city, then Enkidu apologized.
Enkidu stayed in bed 12 days and dreamed of the house of darkness. Then Gilgamesh told Enkidu that all the people in strong walled Uruk should weep for him. Then Enkidu dies and Gilgamesh cries. Then Gilgamesh made jewelers make a gold statue of Enkidu, his friend.
Gilgamesh tried to find Utanapishtim. some people call him the faraway. It was really cold so Gilgamesh killed two lions and wore their coats as his own. Gilgamesh traveled to Mount Mashu. He stopped at the gate with scorpion-men for guards. They told him that if he were to cross the gate he would have to go through 36 miles of a pitch black tunnel. Gilgamesh said “Okay,” and the guards let him go east to west through the 36 mile tunnel.
Gilgamesh had traveled so far he came to the garden of Eden. This garden is also known as the garden of heavenly gods. This garden wasn’t really a garden because it was made of jewels.
Gilgamesh passed through the garden and went to the sea. In the water Gilgamesh saw a fish wife named Sidur. Sidur asked Gilgamesh why he looked sad. Gilgamesh told her about the death of Enkidu. She told Gilgamesh to except the fate of Enkidu.
Gilgamesh has to cut 120 poles 100 feet long before he can cross the water of death. Gilgamesh spent little time doing and was on his way across the waters of death. It took him three days to cross the water.
When he crossed the water he saw Utanapishtim on the other side. Utanapishtim asked Gilgamesh who he was and why he was there. Gilgamesh told him about Enkidu and cried again. Gilgamesh asked Utanapishtim it he should sleep the endless sleep. Utanipishtim told him that nothing lasts forever. He also told Gilgamesh that all gods say all humans must die but the day is not known.
Gilgamesh asked Utanapishtim how he inquired everlasting life. Utanapishtim told him it was a secret of the gods.
Anu called an assembly of the gods. Enlil wanted to kill the people because they are too noisy. He said that they should send a flood. Ea told the people to build an ark. On the ark was all living things. The ark was 200ft long, wide, and tall. It was 7 floors 9 sections. On the seventh day they loaded the ark. Adad (The storm god) sent a storm that flooded the land. Ishtar cried for her children. there was seven days of flood and on the eighth day Shamash showed himself evaporating the water.
Ultanapishtim told Gilgamesh he had to pass a test to have everlasting life. The test was to stay awake 7 days 6 nights. Gilgamesh fell asleep in no time. they recorded his sleep with a loaf of bread each day. Gilgamesh leaped 7 days.
Now he knows he failed. Utanapishtim told him the gods have given him other gifts like heroism and stuff. Utanapishtim commanded boat man to take him back to Uruk.
Utanapishtim’s wife asked Untanapishtim what gift he would give Gilgamesh for making the journey. Utanapishtim told his wife that he gave Gilgamesh the directions to a plant that gives people eternal youth.
So Gilgamesh went to the water of death and tied 2 stones to his feet. then Gilgamesh got in the water and sank down. He got the plant and returned to the surface of the water.
After Gilgamesh got the plant he came upon a swimming hole. He took a swim. While he was swimming a snake slithered out of the water and ate the plant. the snake shed its skin and got new skin. Gilgamesh mesh was left with nothing of his journey.
Gilgamesh told his people about his journey and told them to gaze upon one man supreme acheivment. On the strong walls he put tablet s of his journey.
Gilgamesh- king of Uruk
Enkidu- best friend
Ninsun- mother of Gilgamesh (goddess)
Lugalbanda- father of Gilgamesh (mortal)
Humbaba- giant/guards the forest
Utanapishtim- survivor of flood
Gilgamesh is one third man and two thirds god. He gets a divine gift of beauty, wisdom, and courage. Gilgamesh is a great wrestler. There is nobody like him, so the gods decide to make Enkidu. Enkidu will be exactly like Gilgamesh.
Nintu created Enkidu from clay. He is a grown man, and a wild man or savage. A hunter sees Enkidu, and he is scared of him. The hunter tells his father about the “wild man”.
His father tells him to tell Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh will says, “ Get a priestess.” The priestess will hopefully teach Enkidu how to be human or domesticate him. The priestess does teach him to be human.
Priestess talks Enkidu into leaving the country to go to the city Uruk. Enkidu wants a friend. Enkidu goes with the priestess to the city. She tells him about Gilgamesh. “He will see you in his dreams.”
Gilgamesh has a dream about a star being falls out of the sky and blocks his path. Then he fought the star being. Ninsun interprets the dream, and it means Enkidu is the star being. You will fight him,and become best friends.
The next night Enkidu has a dream. It was exactly like Gilgamehes but the star being is an ax. It meant he will teach Gilgamesh to respect others.
The next day Enkidu stops Gilgamesh from entering the temple. They wrestled like two bulls, and they became best friends.
Enkidu is sad because he lost his strength he had when he was a savage. Gilgamesh announces, “Let’s go kill the evil giant Humbaba the guard of the cedar forest.”
Humbaba’s face is like a lion, his roar is like a flood, his teeth like a dragon’s, his mouth has flames coming out of it, and his breath burns the trees. Gilgamesh wants to be famous, and he’s willing to die to try to be famous.
Gilgamesh is not afraid of taking the “Journey on the Euphrates River” or death. Enkidu is tough. Gilgamesh makes weapons that are axes and swords. Gilgamesh asks Shamash for help, and gives offering.
Gilgamesh cries about his fate, because he doesn’t he doesn’t want to die now. He is afraid. He has one last wish which is to be famous.
Shamash agrees to help because of tears and offering. Elders try to convince Gilgamesh not to go, but he still does. Gilgamesh recruits his country men for the adventure and he wants fifty youth. Shamash is in charge, and his final advice is let Enkidu lead because of his experience. Also protection, and his wish is to have Gilgamesh succeed.
Gilgamesh goes to his mother Ninsun for a blessing and prayers. Ninsun cries to Shamash, “Why such a trip?” She asks him for help that is of course for Gilgamesh. She adopts Enkidu.
They go fifteen miles a day and it takes three days to get there. Gilgamesh promises to defeat the evil giant Humbaba. “Don’t be afraid even to die,” says Gilgamesh.
Gilgamesh has some more dreams. The first one was that a mountain falls on him, and a man helps him. Enkidu says, “It means we will kill Humbaba.” The second one was that he fights a bull and helps the bull. Enkidu says, “Shamash will help defeat Humbaba the giant.”
Gilgamesh cuts down a cedar tree. Humbaba exclaims, “Who did it?”
“I have come to banish evil,” exclaims Gilgamesh. Shamash sends eight winds against Humbaba. Humbaba pleads to Shamash for help. Humbaba begs Gilgamesh for him to be his servant.
Enkidu shouts, “He’s trying to trick you.” They cut off Humbaba’s head. He’s killed.
They return to Uruk. Ishtar wants to marry Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh lists what happened to those she loved.
Tammuz a young man that she left and he cried. Shepherded a bird and she cut off his wings. A stallion and he drank bad water and died. A herdsman you turned him into a wolf. A gardener you turned him into a mole. Ishtar goddess of love cries to her father Anu. Please let the bull of heaven kill Gilgamesh or else.
The bull of heaven will bring seven years of famine. Enkidu fights the bull, and Gilgamesh helps. They kill it. Enkidu throws the bull’s thigh at Ishtar.
Enkidu dreams that he must die. He curses the people who brought him to the city. Shamash scolds Enkidu, and Enkidu apologizes. Enkidu dreams of the house of darkness or death.
Enkidu dies, and Gilgamesh weeps. Gilgamesh makes a statue of Enkidu. The statue is made out of gold. He announces a day of mourning.
Gilgamesh leaves the city. He wants to find Utanapishtim “he who found everlasting life”. Gilgamesh kills two lions, and makes a lion’s skin coat.
He comes to Mount Mashu, and they come to the gate where scorpion men guard it. Then they come to a tunnel that is thirty six miles long. He goes three miles, nine miles, eighteen miles, twenty for miles, twenty seven miles, thirty three miles, and then thirty six miles.
Then they get to the garden of the heavenly gods or a orchard with “jewel” trees. He reaches the sea.
He reaches the fishwife Siduri , and she says, “Why are you here?” Gilgamesh talks to Siduri. She advises him to accept his fate, and live a happy life have a wife and child. Maybe Urshanabi, the boatmen, can help.
Urshanbi has scared stone figures. Gilgamesh destroys the figures. Gilgamesh pleads to have Urshanabi to take him to Utanapishtim. Urshanabi says, “I’ll need 120 poles that are each 100 feet long.” It takes three days to reach the “waters of death”. They used all the 120 poles to get across, and Gilgamesh took off his shirt and used it as a sail.
Utanapishtim sees Gilgamesh, and asks him, “Who are you ?” Gilgamesh tells him about his friends death. Gilgamesh wept and hoped Enkidu would come back.
Gilgamesh is afraid to “sleep the endless sleep” or death. Gilgamesh wants to find out how to live forever. Utanapishtim says, “Nothing lasts forever and, nothing is permanent!” Gods decreed that human beings must experience life and death.
Utanapishtim looks young like Gilgamesh, and Gilgamesh wants to know how Utanapishtim acquired everlasting life. Utanapishtim tells him a story “a secret of the gods”. Enlil the god of rain called an assembly. It’s a flood story.
Enlil says, “People are noisy. I’m going to make a flood to destroy them.” Ea doesn’t want humans to be destroyed, so he thinks of a scheme.
Ea appears in Utanapishtim’s dream, and says, “I have a task for you that is to build an ark called the “Preserver of life”. Bring family, relatives, crafts people, and seeds of life.” He only has seven days to build it.
Utanapishtim tells him his story. The gods have an assembly about Enlil wanting to destroy the humans because they’re to noisy.
ADAD the storm god thinks it’s a total catastrophe. The flood waters bury the mountains and killed all living things. Also crushed anything else that remains.
Heavenly gods watch the flooding. Seven days of flood waters. Shamash appears, and all there was a destroyed world. Utanapishtim’s ship still remains, and twelve days the ship floats. Then the ship lands on Mount Ninsir. Seven days on the mountain, and he sent a dove. The dove returns, and then he sent a sallow. It
returns, and then he sent a raven. It doesn’t return.
Utanapishtim makes a sacrifice which was a sweet aroma. Enlil is angry someone escaped. Ea says to Enlil, “You could have sent wild animals, disease, or famine to decrease human population not a flood.”
Utanapishtim and his wife survived the flood. Utanapishtim had a dream about it. They make him and his wife in mortal.
Utanapishtim tells Gilgamesh he must posses strength of a god to live forever. He must remain awake seven days and six nights. Gilgamesh falls asleep, and Utanapishtim’s wife baked a loaf of bread to prove he was asleep.
He woke up and Utanapishtim showed him the loafs of bread. The first one was dry, second one spoiled, third soggy, fourth the crust is white, fifth moldy cast, sixth fresh, and the seventh is warm because it was just cooked. Gilgamesh groans because he knows he must die!
Utanapishtim tells the boatman to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk. Utanapishtim’s wife says, “What gift will be given to Gilgamesh for his journey?”
Gilgamesh’s gift is a plant that grants eternal youth. The plant is in the deepest part of the sea, and it has thorns like a rose. He tied stones on his feet, and when he got to the bottom he got the plant and cut off the stones. The plant pricked him on the hand.
They got on the boat and left Utanapishtim. They found shore and Gilgamesh found a pool. He went for a swim. He sets down the plant down.
This snake smells the aroma of the plant, and it steals the plant. It loses its old skin and it gets a new skin.
They return to Uruk and Gilgamesh says, “I built this!” On the tablets around the temple tells about his travels.
Gilgamesh, a strong tyrant ruler, was the king of strong walled Uruk. Every day he would walk along the city walls and write a little more. That’s how we got this story.
Gilgamesh was 1/3 human and 2/3 god. His mother Ninsun who was a goddess and his father Lugalbanda made him who he was, and he new that. Since he was part god he got divine gifts from the gods like strength, courage, and wisdom. Gilgamesh was a great wrestler and could take anyone down who would try to wrestle him.
Gilgamesh started bragging and become a meaner ruler. So the gods created the mighty wild man Enkidu. Enkidu was born a grown man and roamed the plains with the animals and ate the grass that the wild antelope ate. He would always set the animals free from the hunters traps. The hunter told his father about this wild man that roamed the grassy plains and setting the animals that he trapped free. The father says, “Go to the city of Uruk and get a priestess.”
“Why get a priestess?”said the son.
“Because he will see her beauty and listen to her.”
So the son went to the city and told the king, Gilgamesh. After hearing this Gilgamesh granted the hunter a priestess.
They were walking home and then they came to the watering hole were Enkidu was found drinking with the wild animals. The priestess went out in front of Enkidu and said, “Enkidu, come, and I will teach you how to be a human being.
On the way to the strong walled city Uruk, the priestess told Enkidu about their mean, tyrant king and how strong he was. Enkidu listened carefully. After she was done talking Enkidu said happily, “I want to meet and wrestle this giant.” The priestess told Enkidu that Gilgamesh would see him in a dream before he got to the city.
That night Gilgamesh had a dream. So he went to his mother and told her about his dream, “ That a star being fell from the sky in the shape and form of Anu. It fell from the sky and blocked my path. I could not move it.” Gilgamesh cried.
Ninsun says, “You must fight this star being and his name is Enkidu, and then you will become the best of friends.”
One night Gilgamesh was walking to the temple and saw someone ahead of him who was trying to block his path. No one had ever done this before so Gilgamesh started wrestling with Enkidu. The two monsters wrestled like two bulls fighting for a mate. After a while they stopped wrestling and became the best of friends.
After they became friends Enkidu became sad. Gilgamesh said, “What is wrong Enkidu, why do you mourn so?”
Enkidu replied, “I mourn so for I have lost all my strength from when I roamed wi th the wild animals.”
Gilgamesh in hopes to cheer up Enkidu says, “I’ve got it Enkidu, lets go kill Humbaba!”
“Are you crazy? Humbaba is four times the size of us. Humbaba is the guard of the Cedar Forest. The gods have created him with the face of a lion, a roar like a mighty flood, teeth like those of a dragon, and breath of flames. Gilgamesh, why do you ask me this? No,I’m not going to try to kill Humbaba!”
Gilgamesh says, “Why not try to kill Humbaba and make a name for yourself instead of dyeing with no name at all, just a plain person like everybody else? I want to die with a name for myself so I may be remembered.”
After thinking a while Enkidu says that he will go with Gilgamesh on a try to kill Humbaba. On hearing this Gilgamesh proclaimed, “I want fifty young men to come and join Enkidu and I on our quest to kill Humbaba.”
Right away he had fifty eager young men ready to go on the journey with the two monsters. Enkidu has one final task, to pray to Shamash for safety.
Enkidu cries out to Shamash, “Please, help us to defeat the mighty Humbaba. Let us return to Uruk safely.”
Before Enkidu and Gilgamesh left Ninsun said to Enkidu, “I’m going to adopt you,OK.?”
After the Ninsun adopted Enkidu, he went to the elders and listened to them, they said, “Enkidu, you are the most experienced fighter of anyone in Uruk so we want you to lead the way for the group. You also know the way to the Cedar Forest. Enkidu, since you are in the front you must lead and protect the group, even if it means your life.”
Enkidu understood what it meant to be the leader and accepted it. Enkidu and the group of men set out to find the Cedar Forest and seek out Humbaba and kill the giant.
In three days they had covered what any other group of men would have taken a month. They covered 150 miles in three days. On the fourth day they entered the forest. Enkidu, Gilgamesh, and the other 50 men could see the trail that Humbaba walked regularly because it was worn down.
Enkidu and Gilgamesh cut down a tree, a Cedar tree.
Humbaba heard this and roared, “Who is it that dares to cut down the Cedar tree that grows in my forest.”
“I do Humbaba, I dare to cut down a tree.”answered Gilgamesh.
At that, Shamash sent the winds against the giant.
Shamash said, “Do not let Humbaba into his house Enkidu.”
Then Gilgamesh felt pity and said to Enkidu, “Should you not let the bird free from the cage.”
“No, do not let him free. Humbaba is clever and when you let him free he will kill you.”said Enkidu.
So then Enkidu and Gilgamesh sliced off Humbaba’s head.
They all return to Uruk safe like Enkidu had asked Shamash to grant. Ishtar, goddess of love, said to Gilgamesh, “Will you marry me?”
Gilgamesh says to her, “And why should I marry you? Then he lists all of her loves that she was mean to.”
Then he said to the goddess, “You hurt or killed all 5 of your loves, why would you treat me different?”he asked.
Ishtar broke down in tears and went to her father, Anu and asked him to let her have the bull of heaven so she could kill Gilgamesh, and if you don’t let me have it I will open up the under world let the dead out.
Her father, Anu agreed to let her have the bull of heaven. With that she let the bull of heaven in Uruk. All the people ran except Enkidu and Gilgamesh, they stayed and fought the bull of heaven. After a while they killed it and Ishtar said to them, “One for you will receive the death penalty for killing the bull of heaven. Enkidu heard this and threw a thy of the bull at her. It hit her too and laughed. The gods came to assembly and talked about who should die for killing the bull of heaven. Then they finally chose that Enkidu should die because he threw the thy of the bull at Ishtar and laughed.
Then Enkidu has a dream of darkness and dies. Then Gilgamesh announced a day of mourning for his dear friend Enkidu.
Gilgamesh goes into the Grassy plains and and travels for days and days trying to find Utanapistim and how he found everlasting life.
Then Gilgamesh came to Mt. Mashu where there was to scorpion men guarding the way into the mountain. Gilgamesh got into the mountain slice he was 2/3 god. He traveled 36 miles through darkness and when he came out of the cave he was dazzled by the bright light. After his eyes got used to the light he noticed that there was trees’s with jewels growing on them.
“Surely,”he thought, “This must be the home of the gods.” After a while he came to the fishwives house.
She asked, “Why are you here?”
He told her about his friend’s death and asked “Where can I find Utanapistim?”
She told him to ask Urshanabi if he could take him across the stream of death to Utanapistim. Gilgamesh went and found the boat man’s sacred statues, and in anger, crushed them all to pieces with his ax.
Urshanabi cried out in anger, “Why have you crushed the sacred stones that allow me to float across the stream of death without touching it, WHY?”
After Gilgamesh had said he was sorry and after Urshanabi had cooled down he asked him if he would take him across the stream. Urshanabi said he would except Gilgamesh had to cut one hundred twenty, 100ft. long poles so they could get across. Then they set sail to go find Utanapistim. After a while they ran out of poles so Gilgamesh took his lion skin shirt off and put it up to the wind. Finally they came to the place where Utanapistim lived with his wife.
After the boat man left Gilgamesh asked Utanapistim how he got everlasting life with the assembly of the gods.
Utanapistim answered with, “Gilgamesh, this is how I entered the assembly of the gods.”
“One night I heard a voice talking to me in a dream and it said, “Utanapistim, go, make a boat so that you may not die for Enlil has gotten mad at the people because they were being to loud. He has made an evil plan to sent a flood to destroy all humans.” I said, “Write the plan down on the ground so that I may follow out with your plan.
The voice did so and Igathered the people to assembly and said to them, “Enlil does not want me walking along the ground with you people. So he has told me to set sail with the craftsmen, relatives, seeds and animals.” The people said that they would help him build the boat. It took them 7-days to complete the ship. Then the people that were supposed to bored the boat did. Then the rains started to come down and all the people died except for Utanapistim and his crew. After 12-days they landed on a mountain and got out of the boat.
Later when Enlil found out that someone had survived the great flood he called Ea to talk with him and said, “Did you tell this human how to escape the flood.”
Ea said that he didn’t tell him how to escape the flood. It appeared to him in a dream. That was how I came to join the assembly of the heavenly gods.
Utanapistim said that the only way to have everlasting life was to have the strength of a god. “You m ust stay standing for a week without going to sleep.”
Gilgamesh said that he could do that. After a while Gilgamesh began to feel sleepy and soon he fell asleep. Utanapistim said to make loaves of bread to prove he fell asleep. So his wife said that she would do that. As time passed Gilgamesh kept falling asleep and after 7-days he woke up in the morning and said to Utanapistim, “I had barley fallen asleep before you touched me.”
Utanapistim told him that not all things stayed alive forever and that he should make the best out of life. “Here is a gift in which it gives you eternal youth. I give this to you because you have traveled through many hardships to see me.
After about a week Gilgamesh stopped to bathe and a serpent stole the gift that gave eternal youth. Gilgamesh got upset and said, “Ah, well, I must go on with life and take the greatest out of it. For years more Gilgamesh rained over Uruk until the tragic day when the mighty king fell against death.
Retold by Laura K.
Gilgamesh- King of Uruk
Enkidu- best friend
Ninsun- mother of Gilgamesh (Goddess)
Lugalbanda- father of Gilgamesh (mortal)
Humbaba- giant/ guards the forest
Utanapishtim- survivor of the flood
Urshanabi- boat man
Gilgamesh is the ruler of Uruk he is one-third mortal and two-thirds God. Gilgamesh gets divine gifts. He gets wisdom, beauty and courage. Gilgamesh is a great wrestler. The gods decide to create Enkidu to teach Gilgamesh a lesson. Enkidu is a grown man. He is a wild man.
A hunter sees Enkidu and the hunter is scared of him. The hunter tells Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh tells a priestess to teach Enkidu how to be human.
The priestess talks to Enkidu to come with her to the city of Uruk. Gilgamesh dreams that a star being will fall and block his path. Ninsun interpreted his dream it means that Enkidu will fight you, and he will become your best friend.
Enkidu stops Gilgamesh from entering the temple. They wrestle like two bulls. Enkidu and Gilgamesh become best friends.
Enkidu is sad because he lost his strength. Gilgamesh says “ Lets go kill the giant Humbaba.”
Gilgamesh wants to be famous, and he is willing to die. Enkidu doesn’t want to die. The “Journey is on the Euphrates river.” Gilgamesh makes weapons for the journey.
Gilgamesh asked Shamash for help. He cries about his fate, which is death. His one last wish was to make a name for himself. People try to convince Gilgamesh not to go. Gilgamesh recruits men for his adventure. His wish to have Gilgamesh succeed.
Gilgamesh goes to his mother Ninsun for a blessing. Ninsun adopts Enkidu.
They enter the Cedar Forest. Gilgamesh promises to defeat Humbaba. Gilgamesh dreams. The first dream is about a mountain falls on him and a man helps him. Enkidu said “It means you will kill Humbaba.”
The second dream was about a bull fight and help from the bull. Enkidu said “Shamash will help you defeat the giant Humbaba.”
Gilgamesh cuts down a cedar tree. Humbaba yells “Who cut down the cedar tree!”
Gilgamesh answers “I have come to banish evil!” Shamash sends eight winds against Humbaba. Humbaba pleads to Shamash for help. Humbaba begs to be his servant. Enkidu said “He’s trying to trick you.”
Gilgamesh and Enkidu cut off Humbaba’s head.
Gilgamesh and Enkidu return to Uruk. Ishtar Goddess of love, wants to marry Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh lists what happened to the people Ishtar loved:
1. Tammuz- she left him, he cried.
2. Shepherd bird- cut off his wings.
3. Stallion- drank bad water he died.
4. Herdsman- turned into a wolf.
5. Gardener- turned into a mole.
Ishtar cries to her father Anu. Ishtar says “Please let the bull of heaven kill Gilgamesh or else!”
The bull of heaven will bring a seven year famine. Enkidu fights the bull. Gilgamesh helps Enkidu. Enkidu and Gilgamesh kill the bull of heaven. Enkidu throws the bulls thigh at Ishtar.
Enkidu dreams that he must die. Enkidu curses the people that brought him to the city of Uruk. Shamash scolds Enkidu. Enkidu apologizes.
Enkidu dreams of darkness. Enkidu dies, and Gilgamesh announces a day of mourning.
Gilgamesh leaves the city because he wants to find Utanapishtim. Gilgamesh kills some lions and makes a coat out of their skin.
On his journey he reaches Mt. Mashu. Then he walks thirty-six miles and reaches the garden of the heavenly gods. With an orchard of jewels.
Then he travels to the sea. There is a fish wife named Siduri, Siduri asked Gilgamesh “Why are you here?”
Gilgamesh talks to Siduri about his fate. Siduri tells him to accept his fate. Siduri says “Maybe Utanapishtim can help.”
He finds Urshanabi. Urshanabi has sacred stone images. Gilgamesh destroys the images. Gilgamesh pleads to Urshanabi to take him to Utanapishtim. Urshanabi said “I’ll need one-hundred-twenty poles each one-hundred feet long, and then we can sail to Utanapishtim.”
Then they sail to Utanapishtim. Utanapishtim sees Gilgamesh and says “Who are you?”
Gilgamesh tells about Enkidus’ death. Gilgamesh cried and hoped Enkidu would come back.
Gilgamesh is afraid to die. Gilgamesh wants to find out how Utanapishtim got everlasting life.
Gilgamesh wants to find out from Utanapishtim how he got everlasting life. Utanapishtim has a story of how he got everlasting life. This is his story.
Enlil wanted to destroy people because they were to noisy. So Enlil decided to send a flood to destroy people. Ea didn’t want a flood to destroy people. So Ea appeared in Utanapishtims’ dream, Ea wanted him to build a boat that would save Utanapishtim. Ea told him to bring relatives, family and craftsman.
It took him seven days to build the boat. The flood came and Utanapishtim was saved. Utanapishtim makes a sacrifice.
Enlil was angry that someone escaped. Ea told Enlil that you could have done something else to destroy some of the people. Then Enlil makes Utanapishtim and his wife immortal.
Utanapishtim said “You must posses the strength of a God.”
His task is to remain awake for seven days and six nights. Gilgamesh falls asleep. Utanapishtim told his wife to bake a loaf of bread to prove that he was asleep. Gilgamesh finds out that he fell asleep. Gilgamesh groans because he knows he must die.
Utanapishtim told the boatman to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk. They give him a present, the present is a plant that gives you eternal youth.
Gilgamesh gets the plant and a snake steals it and the snake gets eternal youth.
Gilgamesh returns to Uruk and says “I built this!!!!!”
Retold By Russell
A long time ago, in the strong-walled city of Uruk., lived a tyrant king named Gilgamesh. Also, there was a temple. It was Anu and Ishtar’s. One day, the residents of Uruk had an assembly. They discussed their Gilgamesh problem. They said how he was a tyrant and they needed to get rid of him. Even Anu, God of the sky, didn’t like Gilgamesh. So he asked Nintu, who created the first humans out of clay, to create a being to tame the 2/3 god 1/3 human Gilgamesh.
When Enkidu was made, he was fully grown and he escaped from Anu and Nintu. After he escaped, he ran away to the forest where he romed wild. One day, he was spotted by a hunter. The hunter told a priesstess. The priesstess went and looked for Enkidu. She found him and taught him some wisdom for 6 days. When they got to Uruk in their studies, Enkidu learned about the tyrant king Gilgamesh. When he heard how Gilgamesh treated Urukian residents, he said he wanted to wrestle Gilgamesh.
That night, Gilgamesh had a dream that a star being dropped from the sky and blocked his path. He wanted to be the star being’s friend, but instead it attacked him. That morning, his mother Ninsun interpretted the dream. She said it ment Enkidu. The next night, Gilgamesh had another dream. This time he drempt that he was walking down a road and saw an axe. He loved the axe and took it to his mother. his mother only made the axe fight Gilgamesh.
The next day, Enkidu stopped Gilgamesh when he was heading to the temple. They They wrestled like to bulls. When they were done fighting, they became good friends. After the two had become friends, they decided to go kill the evil giant Humbaba. Humbaba was the ruler of the great Cedar Forest. When they got to the Cedar Forest, Gilgamesh noticed that he only wanted fame. That was the only reason he was there, but he still went through with it.
When they saw Humbaba, he roared like a lion, had teeth like a dragon, and breathed flames. They retreated and cretaed a new plan. So they traveled back to Uruk. When they got back to Uruk, they both noted that they weren’t ready to die. But, they went went back anyway, only this time they brought fifty Urukian youths with them and they had help from Shamash.
Before they left, they got advice from a noble. He told Gilgamesh to have Enkidu lead the way. Only for protection. Gilgamesh told his motherto pray for them all. Ninsun then adopted Enkidu. When they left, they traveled 150 miles per day. When they arrived at the Cedar Forest, Gilgamesh cut down a tree to get the fight going. When Humbaba asked Gilgamesh what he was there for, Gilgamesh told him he was getting rid of evil. While the battle went on, Shamash sent eight winds at Humbaba. Humbaba pleaded to Shamash for help, but he did nothing. Humbaba told Gilgamesh that he’d be his servant. Then, Gilgamesh and Enkidu decappitated Humbaba.
When Enkidu and Gilgamesh returned home, Ishtar, Goddess of love, asked Gilgamesh to marry her. He reminded her of all the pain she caused her past lovers. So Ishtar went balling to her father, Anu. He ignored her weeping. So she released the “Bull of Heaven” which brought a 7 year famine to Uruk. The two warriors Gilgamesh and Enkidu killed the beast and threw it’s thigh at Ishtar.
That night Enkidu had a dream that he died. The next day, Enkidu cursed all the people who brought him to Uruk. Then Shamash scolded Enkidu so he apoligized. The next day, Enkidu got sick and died. Gilgamesh weeped and made a statue of Enkidu. Then, he called a day of mourning.
Retold: John K.
Once in a time way way back there was a hero called GILGAMESH.
Heroes and Villains of the story
Gilgamesh: king of Uruk.
Enkidu: best friend of Gilgamesh
Ninsun: Mother & goddess of Gilgamesh.
Lugalbanda: Father of Gilgamesh. (mortal)
Humbaba: giant/guards the cedar forest.
Utanapishtim: survivor of the flood. (the faraway)
Chapter 1 Gilgamesh built a city
Prologue: Gilgamesh was a tyrant. He was ruler of strong wall Uruk. He wrote his travels too. To find everlasting life. He was given incredible gifts, strength, courage, looks and wisdom. Though his mother was a god his father was a mortal that makes him a mortal. He was 2/3 man and 1/3 god. Though Gilgamesh was acting like a wild animal. He was fierce in wrestling and was a tyrant to his people. So the assembly of the gods was angry of him. So they made Enkidu and and send him down to earth as a wild man.
As an animal Enkidu eats with the gazelles and helped them escaped from hunters. The hunter ask his father what to do with him. He replied, “Go to Uruk find the priest take her to the wild man”. Meanwhile Gilgamesh dreams of a ax loves it brings it to his mother and makes them fight. It means Enkidu (wild man) is his match and they become good friends.
One day when Gilgamesh was walking toward the temple he was stopped was stopped by a figured he wrestled him, but soon had to take a break then he found out it was Enkidu.
Enkidu was crying one day. Gilgamesh ask what the matter was he said, “I’m a wimp, thin and barely no muscles”. Gilgamesh then said, “Lets go and kill Humbaba”. So when they got a group and weapons. Enkidu then is Gilgamesh bodyguard. He also know the way to the cedar forest. But before they left they ask help from Shamash because he created Humbaba. He agreed so they set off.
They covered more ground then any other person. It took them 3 days it would usually take about 6 weeks. When they got to the cedar forest Gilgamesh cut one cedar tree. That attracted Humbaba’s attention he came charging up then Gilgamesh laid him down flat he then started pleading for his life. Gilgamesh felt pity for the giant. Enkidu warned him that if he let him go he will destroy them. So Enkidu and Gilgamesh destroyed Humbaba.
When the returned to Uruk Ishtar ask Gilgamesh to marry her, but he said, “No”! Because she treated her lovers cruelly She then ask her father for the Bull of Heaven he gave it to her. She then ordered it to destroy Gilgamesh. It open pits which killed men then Enkidu got on the Bull of Heaven. Later on he killed the Bull of Heaven. Then when sleeping Enkidu dreamed of dying the next day he did. Gilgamesh wept for Enkidu
Gilgamesh left the city to know how to have everlasting life. When he got to the sea he needed to call Urshanabi. He charged and destroy the magic tablet so he had to cut down 1,000 planks. Then they reach Utanapishtim’s home.
Gilgamesh ask how did he require everlasting life he told his tale then told him a test, but he failed. So then he got ready to leave until...
Utanapishtim told him of a plant that would make him look young forever. He retrieved the flower, but in the end a snake took it. He then showed Urshanabi what one man achievement... Uruk.
retold by Caleb Y.
There once was a king named Gilgamesh who's father was Lugabanda and his mother was the goddess Ninsun. Gilgamesh built the city of Uruk with fine walls and a great temple. He had divine gifts of wisdom, beauty, and courage. He was the best wrestler in the land. But the people started complaining about how Gilgamesh thinks he can do anything he wants.
The gods decided to make him an equal to teach him a lesson. They named him Enkidu, he was a full grown wild man that runs with the deer and drank at the streams. He started releasing the animals caught in a hunters traps.
One day the hunter saw him and he told his father “I am so scared of the wild man, but he keeps undoing my traps.” The father tells him to go see Gilgamesh.
Gilgmesh sent a priestess to teach Enkidu how to be a human. She teaches him and she takes him to Uruk.
Gilgamesh had a dream, a star being falls and blocks his path. He tells Ninsun and she says that he must fight, but then he will have a friend.
As Enkidu enters the city he says he will teach Gilgamesh a lesson. Enkidu stops Gilgamesh from entering the temple and they wrestled like two bulls. After Gilgamesh sees how strong Enkidu was, they became great friends.
Gilgamesh had an idea after a few weeks of being Enkidu’s friend. “Lets go kill the giant Humbaba and rid all evil from the land.” Gilgamesh tells him of Humbaba’s face like a lion, a roar like a river, teeth like a dragon, he spits flames from his mouth, and his breath burns trees. Gilgamesh wants to be famous and is willing to die. Enkidu doesn’t want to die, but decides to go and Gilgamesh takes fifty country men.
When they got to the ceder forest they killed the watchmen and Gilgamesh makes a promise to kill Humbaba and he tells Enkidu not to be afraid. Gilgamesh and Enkidu start cutting down the ceders. Humbaba hears them and he attacks them but they cut off his head.
Enkidu and Gilgamesh return to Uruk and the goddess of love Ishtar wants to marry Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh tells Ishtar of all the other loves she had and what bad things she did to them. Ishtar cries to Anu “Please let the bull of heaven kill Gilgamesh or else.
Anu lets Ishtar have the bull of heaven, but Enkidu and Gilgamesh kill it. Ishtar became very angry and gave Enkidu a sickness and he died. Gilgamesh wept for seven days and seven nights. Now Gilgamesh is afraid to die.
Gilgamesh sets out on a journey to see Utanapishtim the man that has found everlasting life. Gilgamesh traveled across the grassy plains and the mountains and through the forests. He comes to a tunnel and Gilgamesh goes through it. On the other side there is a jewel forest and he sees the boat man Urshanabi says he must get one hundred poles to cross the sea to see Utanapishtim.
Once they got the poles and they were on their way, they got to a part where they had to use the poles. They could only use each pole once.
When they got to Utanapishtim’s house Utanapishtim asks who he is. Gilgamesh asks who he is. Gilgamesh tells him of Enkidu’s death and Gilgamesh tells him of his quest for everlasting life.
So Utanapishtim begins his story. Enlill the god of rain held and assembly about all the noisy people. Enlill wanted to destroy all the people with a flood. Ea didn’t like the plan so he tells him to build an ark called the persevere of life with equal dimensions. He tells him to put his family, seeds, animals, and craftsmen on board.
Utanapishtim tells him the only other way is to stay awake for seven days, but he fell asleep. Gilgamesh decides he can’t have everlasting life, Utanapishtim gives Gilgamesh a plant that grants eternal youth. Urshanabi takes Gilgamesh back, but when Gilgamesh goes swimming a snakes steals the plant.
Gilgamesh cries, but he takes Urshanabi to the strong walled city of Uruk and he shows him around. Gilgamesh says I built this!
retold by Alyssa L.
Chapter #1: Gilgamesh (who is the main chactor in the story) builds a city, and calls it Uruk. Gilgamesh is ruler of Urukamd a harsh one. Gilgamesh is two thirds god and one third human. Anu wants to teach gilgamesh a leason so he asks Nintu to create Enkidu (a wild man). So she creates him a fully grown man out of clay.
One day a hunter sees enkidu and tells his father. His father told him to go and get the preistess. So that she can teach enkidu not to be a wild man. The preistess spend six days together and he is now a wise man.
Chapter #2: Gilgamesh has two dreams and ninsun interprates both of them. His first dream, she says that he willfight enkidu and then they wll be best friends. His second dream means that enkidu will teach gilgamesh to respect his peolpe.
When enkidu comes gilgamesh tries to go to the templebutEnkidu stps him. They fight like bulls . When nobody wins the match they find out that they are equal and so they become friends.
Chapter #3: Gilgamesh and enkidu decide to go on a journey to fight Humbaba, grauder of the cedar forest. To help you picture humbaba I will tell you what he is like. He roars like a lion his teeth are like a dragons flames come from his mouth and his breath burns trees.
Gilgamesh pleads for help on their journey. He also asked for a blessing from his mother ninsun. She also adopts enkidu as her son for being a body guard to gilgamesh on their journey.
Chapter #4: This journey to the cedar forest would usually take six weeks but they are going to make it in three days, this means that they are going to travel 150 miles a day. mwhen they arrive gilgamesh cuts down a cedar tree, humbaba heard it. Gilgamesh said to humbaba “we have come to kill you.” Shamash sent eight winds against humbaba. Humbaba pleaded to gilgamesh please don’t kill me, I wil be your servant. Enkidu said “he is trying to trick you.” So they chopped off his head. Then they cut down all the trees and brought them back to uruk.
Chapter #5: When they returned to uruk they return to uruk the goddess of love Ishtarwanted to marry gilgamesh. Gilgamesh said no because of her former lovers who have ethier deid or have been hurt, they are:
#1:Tammuz - cries year after year
#2:Shephard bird - lost its wings
#3:Stallion - deid of bad water
#4:Herdsman - turned into wolf
#5:Gardener - turned into mole
Ishtar got angry from this and crying to her father Anu. She asked for the bull of heaven to kill gilgamesh. Eventually gilgamesh and enkidu killed the bull but in the process enkidu was killed. So to remember enkidu and honor him gilgamesh made a gold statue of him.
Chapter #6: Gilgamesh leaves the city to go find Utanapishtim (survivor of the great flood) because he has everlasting life and gilgamesh wantsit to. Also to talk to him about lifea and death. When gilgamesh gets to Mount Mashu scorpion man is gaurding the gate to go through the mountain. The man lets hm go through.
When gilgamesh finds utanapishtim, untanapishtim asks “ who arer you.” So gilgamesh tells him about enkidu. HEalso asks how he can mget everlasting life. HE says you can’t but I’ll tell you how I got mine.
Capter#7: Utanapishtim’s story: He said there was a assembly of the gods and Enlil wanted to destroy mankind beacause they were to noisy. So they sent a flood but before it came he went to utanapishtim a in dream and told him to build an ark and bring his family and craftsworkers also every single animal.
When the flood came they floated on the water for many days qand nights. One day they found land , and so for surviving the flood he got everlasting life.
Chapter #8: Utanapishtim tells gilgamesh that if he can stay awake for seven days hten he can have everlasting life. Within one day he had fallen asleep. So to keep track of how many days the was asleep Utanapishtim would lay a laof of bread by his head and inmorning if it was eaten then that means that he had woken up if it wasn’t then that means that he hadn’t. When he finally woke up seven loafs of bread lay by his head and all were moldy. So he failed the test but utanapishtim said theat he can get eternal youth.
To get it he must jump into the ocean and get it. So he tied two stones to his feet and jumped in when he was at the bottem he grabed the plant and cut the stones from his feet and floated to the surface.
Then he went to a pool of water to wash off. While he in the water a snake cme and ate it the snake suddenly became younger by sheading this skin. S the plant is gone and gone and gilgamesh does not get it. So the goes back to uruk.
retold by Samantha
Gilgemesh- King and builder of strong-walled Uruk.
Enkidu- Best friend of Gilgemesh.
Ninsun- Goddess and Mother of Gilgemesh.
Lugalbanda- God and Father of Gilgemesh.
Humbaba- Giant guard of the cedar trees.
Utanapishtim- The survivor of a flood. Nicknamed The Faraway
On this day, At this time, There was an assembly. Anu, the god of rain and winds, asked Ninsun, the mother of Gilgemesh, to create a man named Enkidu. Anu said Enkidu would teach Gilgemesh the lessons of life. Like fighting and being respectful, those would be one of the many things, Enkidu would teach.
Ninsun created this Enkidu with clay, as Anu and the people were made of. As this Enkidu grew in the wild, he became a wild man. He had a long hair that looked like fur. He ate grass with the wild animals. One day, a hunter saw Enkidu, and ran home to tell his father. The hunters had caught many beasts, but Enkidu released them. So the hunter told his son, to go to Uruk, and fetch the most beautiful priestess, to tame Enkidu, and teach him human ways.
On the day she arrived, her and the hunters caught Enkidu. They spent six days together, and hate priestess taught him manners and to live like a man.
CHAPTER # 2
On the last day together, the priestess told Enkidu of Gilgemesh. Enkidu wanted a friend, but he didn’t want to leave his home. He decided to meet this Gilgemesh. The priestess taught him of hate town customs, and how to dress. On the day of their journey, the priestess dressed Enkidu like a nobleman. It’ll take three days to get there they decided.
That night, Gilgemesh had a dream, and the next morning, he had his mother Ninsun interpritate it. A star being fell, and blocked Gilgemesh’s path. “ Your dream means that someone will block your path” replied Ninsun.
The next night, Gilgemesh had another dream. The star being from his past dream, had an axe. The to began to fight. The being taught Gilgemesh to respect his people, and not to be such a tyrant.
When Enkidu got to the town, it was just as Gilgemesh’s dream. Enkidu stopped Gilgemesh on his way to the temple. They fought like two bulls. Gilgemesh then met his equal- Enkidu. After battle, the two became friends.
CHAPTER # 3
Enkidu and Gilgemesh became friends, but one night, Enkidu grew sad. Gilgemesh thought he needed adventure, and said, “Enkidu, to vanish your pain, we shall go on an adventure to kill the great Humbaba of the cedar forest!.” The next day, Gilgemesh asked his mother, Ninsun for all her blessings and prayers.
Later that day, Ninsun asked the great Shamash, “Why Gilgemesh? Why does he have to go? All I ask is for you to watch and protect him.” Again, Gilgemesh, Ninsun and Enkidu talked. Ninsun asked Enkidu to protect her son. When he said yes, she adopted Enkidu.
CHAPTER # 4
The boys started on their journey. A six week journey for them,took three days. They traveled sixty miles, took a break, then traveled another ninety miles. In one day they traveled one- hundred and fifty miles. One day, Gilgemesh then fears Humbaba. Enkidu then tells Gilgemesh to be brave. Don’t fear Humbaba.
That night, Gilgemesh had a dream. “A mountain crushed me. Then a man came and rescued me.”
“Your dream is good,”replied Enkidu. "Sham ash will help us defeat Humbaba.”
Again Gilgemesh had a dream. “I fought a bull. I got great amounts of food from it.”
“Again your dream is good. We’ll defeat Humbaba.”
The next day, Gilgemesh cut down a cedar tree of Humbaba. Humbaba heard this, and was angry. “Who cuts down my cedars?” Then Gilgemesh replied, “ It is I, Gilgemesh, king of strong- walled Uruk. I’ve come to get rid of evil, you!”
Then Sham ash sent 8 winds to help Gilgemesh. "Sham ash, how can you let them kill me? Please Sham ash, Gilgemesh how could you kill me? Gilgemesh, don;t let your evil heart kill me.”
“Gilgemesh, kill him. He’s a liar,” replied Enkidu.
“Gilgemesh, I will be your loyal servant, please.”
“Gilgemesh, kill him.”
Gilgemesh swung the axe, chopped off his head, and killed him. Then Gilgemesh and Enkidu began to chop down the cedars, to take back to Uruk. When finished, the carried them to Uruk as proof of Humbaba’s death.
When they returned to Uruk, Ishtar, the goddess of love asked Gilgemesh to marry her. “ You expect me to marry you? In the past, you’ve made all your husbands suffer. Like the Tammuz. You made him cry year after year. The Sheapeardbird lost his wings because of you. The Stallion died from bad water. The Herdsman turned into a wolf. And the gardener turned into a mole and you expect me to marry you know? Why should I trust you?”
“Why do you list all my bad deeds? I’m sorry I even wanted to marry you,” and she stomped off.
“Father Anu, may I use the bull of heaven to kill Gilgemesh? He has accused me of all bad deeds, and couldn’t name one good one. If you don’t let me use it, I will unleash all of the underworld.”
“You may use the bull, but first, is there enough food to last the people seven years?
“ Yes father, there is.”
Ishtar brought the bull to Uruk, but the great team Gilgemesh and Enkidu killed it.
Sham ash and the gods of the sky saw this, and killed Enkidu, not Gilgemesh, but Enkidu. Gilgemesh began to cry for Enkidu, then he cursed Ishtar and the priestess, then he said, “ I’m sorry all of you I’ve cursed, I never should have, for I was upset. Do me a favor, and make me a gold statue of my friend Enkidu. Then in a few days, we’ll have a day of morning.”
Soon Gilgemesh left the city to find the great god named Utanapishtim or Utan. On this journey, he saw two lions and he killed them. Then he made lions coats of them, and wore them proudly. He traveled to Mount Mashu, till he met guards by the gate of Scorpion men. The guards let him go in. He walks through a tunnel of darkness. First he traveled 3 mile, with no light. Then he traveled another 9 miles with still no light. 18, 24, 27, 33 miles on, with still not a touch of light. After traveling 36 more miles, he came to the ‘Garden Of The Heavenly Gods,’ made of all jewels. Gilgemesh traveled til’ he reached the sea. There he met the fish wife Sidur. “ Oh my! Who’s at my door. He looks so strange. He’s tired and dirty.”
Gilgemesh tells the woman of his journey, and Enkidu’s death.
“ Except your fate. Your food, water, wife, and children. Find happiness in your life.”
“Do you know where I can find the great Utan.?”
“ Gilgemesh, I don’t, but surly the boatman Urshanabi would know.”
With that, Gilgemesh was off again. He thought of the path he would take.
“ Will you take me to the great Utan.?”
“No I said.”
Gilgemesh in anger, then kicked the sacred stones used to row the boat across the river of death.
“Gilgemesh, for you must want this horribly. For you broke the sacred stones. So you shall cut 120 poles each 100 ft. long to cross the river of death. I will take you to Utan.”
Gilgemesh cut the poles and in three days, they made it to Utan’s home.
Utan and Gilgemesh talked. Gilgemesh spoke of Enkidu. Then Gilgemesh spoke “Must I too die as Enkidu has? How do I posses everlasting life as you have?”
“Nothing lasts forever Gilgemesh. There are no permanents. All humans must die. The decree of gods-mortals will die.”
“ How did you Utan., acquire everlasting life?”
“ I’ll tell you Gilgemesh, the secret story of my everlasting life.”
The secret of the everlasting life:
There was an assembly of the gods: “ There is too much noise on earth. Build an ark Utan.. Put all your friends and family in it. Put a seed of every plant, and a baby of every animal in it. Use it as a preserver of life. We’ll send a flood to end all noise. The ark must be 200ft. x 200 ft. x 200 fat.. The floor space must equal on acre long.”
On the seventh day of creating this ark, Utan. began to load the ark. Then Adad, the storm god, sent a raging flood. Ishtar began to cry for her children. Then the gods joined. The flood lasted seven days. On the seventh day, the sun god Shamash came out. Utan broke the clay door of the ark, as they slowly rocked on the water. Utan began to cry. The humans had turned back into the clay figures they were made of. Utan. floated another 12 days, before he took rest on mount Ninsun. On the seventh day on mount Ninsun, Utan. sent a dove a, a swallow, and a raven. They didn't return. “Utan,” Ea said “ Enlill could’ve sent a famine disease, instead of a flood. But you took the effort to follow our directions. We’ve decided to posses you with everlasting life.”
“You see Gilgemesh, it isn’t easy to posses this life. I’ll give you a chance though, if you stay awake for seven nights and six days. Then you will posses the life.”
The first night of his test, Gilgemsh fell asleep.
“Wife, Gilgemesh has failed the test. When he awakes, he will try and fool you. Bake a loaf of bread each morning he sleeps. Then we will put a mark on the wall for each night he sleeps.”
Everyday that Gilgemesh slept, another loaf and mark was set. On the seventh day, Utan. awoke Gilgemesh.
“ I’ve done it, I’ve stayed awake for the seven nights and six days.”
Gilgemesh, you failed the test. Now you go back to Uruk as king.”
“ Utan. what gift does Gilgemesh receive for making this journey?”
“ Gilgemsh, the gods smile upon you, and give you the talent of heroism. But for making this long journey, I’ll tell you were you can find the plant of eternal youth. Go to the bottom of the river, and there on the bottom is the plant. It is kind of pokey, so be careful. Now boatman, take Gilgemesh to the river.”
When they got there, Gilgemesh tied 2 ropes to his ankles, dove, cut the plant and the rope, and floated up.
When they got to land, they began to return Uruk. When he came to a pool, he set the plant down to swim. Then a serpent came up from the water, ate the plant, and grew younger.
Gilgemesh got out, and began to walk again sadly. Soon he saw the plants and orchards of Uruk. Then Gilgemesh told the boatman of the walls. He told him that it was amazing what one man could do. On the walls, Gilgemesh placed tablets, telling of his journey.
retold by Jared W.
Prologue: Once there was a king named Gilgamesh the people called him Gil. Some people thought he was a tyrant. He built the city of Uruk . It had four beautiful walls and in the middle there was the temple of Anu and Istar . He was two thirds god and one third human.
One day there was an assembly of the gods. The god Anu told Ninto to create a beast man and name him Enkidu to teach Gil a lesson , and fight him. Later Enkidu came to life as a full grown man. He lived in as a wild man. One day a hunter saw Enkidu and ran home. “ Father there is a wild man eating all the gazelles I can not hunt! Send a letter to Uruk to get a priestess to change how this wild man acts.” So the father did what his son asked him to do and the priestess came. She found Enkidu and he was fascinated by her. She told Enkidu about Gil and Uruk. The next day he cut his hair and dressed like a noble and went Uruk and it took him three days.
In Uruk, Gil had a dream of a star being that fell to the ground. Gil asked his mother Ninsin what does this mean? “ It means someone will come and be your best friend. “ Then he had another dream that instead of a star it was an axe that fell. He asked his mother the same question “ it means the same as your last dream, but the person well teach you a lesson.” Gil went to the temple to talk to the gods about his dream. But on his way there he was stopped by Enkidu. Then they started fighting. They fought like two bulls. Then Gil said you are my equal.” Then they became friends.
One day Enkidu was sad. “ I miss the open plains. I miss being wild. ” “ Well, I know make you happy again. We will go to the cedar forest and kill the evil monster Humbaba. People say he roars like a lion, had teeth like a dragon, shot flames from his mouth, and his breath burned trees. He is the one that guards the cedar forest. “ Then Gil thought “ if I kill Humbaba I will be famous. It is normal to die, so it is better to die famous.” Then they came upon Shamash he was in charge of the cedar forest “ Shamash, will you please help me and my friend Enkidu on our quest to kill Humbaba .” “ I shall take your tears as an offering. “ said Shamash.
So Gil went back to Uruk. “ All the people of Uruk. You may come with me and my friend Enkidu to defeat the evil Humbaba of the cedar forest.” Fifty young adults came with them. They brought with them axes and swords. The nobles of Uruk said Enkidu should lead the way because he is experienced in fighting. Before they went Gil asked his mother for her blessing. when he left Ninsin said to the sun “Why does my son do things like this. Please protect him. “ Then she Enkidu “you are like a son to me. Don’t get hurt.”
So they where off to the cedar forest. A journey that would take a normal man six weeks took them three days. They traveled one hundred fifty miles a day. One night Gil had a dream that a mountain crushed him and a man rescued him. He told his dream to Enkidu he said “ that is a good dream it means that we will defeat Humbaba. “ Then Gil had another dream that a that he fought a bull then he got food from it. Again he told his dream to Enkidu he said “ It means Shamash will help us.” When the morning came Gil cut down a cedar tree and Humbaba heard it. Humbaba went up to Gil “I came to get destroy evil , you. “ Said Gil. Shamash sent all the winds against Humbaba “ Stop! Stop! I will be your servant just stop!” “Don’t listen Gil , Kill him. “ Then Gil chopped off his head. Then all the trees were cut down and brought to Uruk.
Gil and Enkidu came back to Uruk victorious. Ishtar came up to Gil. “ You killed Humbaba that's great. Will you marry me? “ “ No! All of your past lovers had bad things happen to them because of you. Tammuz has been crying ever since the day you left him. The Sheppard bird , you cut off his wings. Then there was the stallion, you gave him bad water and he died. The herdsman, you turned him into a wolf. Your gardener was turned into a mole.” Ishtar ran away to her father. “ Father, may I unleash the bull of heaven? “ It will bring upon seven years of famine. Have you saved food? “ “ Yes I have.” “ Then I shall unleash the bull of heaven.”
They set loose the bull of heaven. It raged down the streets of Uruk until it came upon Gil and Enkidu. They fought the bull until it died. In celebration Enkidu threw the thigh of the bull at Ishtar.
One night Enkidu dreams he must die. He cursed at all the people how brought him to the city. Shamash scolded him. Enkidu said he was sorry. The next day he died. In his remberance Gil made a gold statue.
Gil has been thinking about death and he does not want to die. “ I must find Utanapishtim, for he will tell me the secret of eternal life. “ So he left to find Utanapishtim. He was told he lived on Mt. Mashu. He got near the top and saw two scorpion guards guarding the mountain. They told him if he wanted to see Utanapishtim he must go through a 36 mile long tunnel. They let him pass. He went to the tunnel he got through it way before a normal man could. When he got out he saw a garden of jewel trees called the garden of heavenly gods. Gil reached the sea and sea the fish wife Sidur. She told him the boat man Urshannabi will take him to Utanapishtim. Gil found the boatman. “ Take me Utanapishtim. “ said Gil “ No”. Out of anger Gil broke the statues that helped the boatman to steer the boat. “ Fine, I will take you to him. But since you broke my statues you must cut 120 poles 100 feet long. “ So he did and they found Utanapishtim.
“ Can you tell me how to live forever as you do. “ “ I will tell you but it is a secret of the gods. Once there was an assembly of the gods and Enlil wanted to destroy the earth because the people were to loud. One night I had a dream. Ea was telling me to build an ark and call it the preserver of life. I would bring my family , crafts people , and the seed of all living things. So i started working , I finished and then the next day there was a great flood and everyone died. One day the ark came to rest on top of a mountain. The next day I sent out a dove, swallow, and a raven. they did not come back A few days later Enlil gave me everlasting life.
“ Gil if you want to have everlasting life as I do . You must stay awake 6 days and 7 nights. “ “ Easy “ said Gil. One the first day he fell asleep. They recorded each day with a loaf of bread. They reached the seventh day he woke up and realized he was a sleep and failed. “ The gods have given you other gifts like heroism and they smile down on you “ Then Utanapishtim told the bout man to take Gil home. But before Gil left he gave him a plant that gave everlasting youth.
On the way back they stopped for a swim and Gil put the plant near the pond. A snake stole the plant while Gil was swimming. Gil found out and was sad. When he got back to Uruk he showed the boatman the walls and the temples of Uruk. Then he lived the rest of his life a happy man.
Gilgamesh was two-thirds god and one-third man. His mother was a goddess named Ninsun. His father was a mortal named Lugalbanda.
Gilgamesh ruled the strong walled city of Uruk. He built the temple of Ishtar and Anu, but he was harsh on his people.
The gods decided to make a mortal equal to the strength of Gilgamesh, to teach him a lesson. They chose Nintu to make this mortal. She made him in the image of Anu, her husband.
This man, who the gods named Enkidu, ran wild over the plains. One day a hunter saw him, he was scared of Enkidu. When the hunter returned home that evening he told his father about the wild man.
The hunter’s father got a priestess from the temple and brought her to a watering hole where all the animals came to drink. Enkidu saw the priestess and was attracted by her beauty.
“Come,” she said, “I will teach you to behave like a civilized man.”
When Enkidu understood the language and customs of Uruk the priestess brought him to the city. The priestess had told him of Gilgamesh. Enkidu assumed Gilgamesh must be an evil tyrant from the way the priestess described him.
When Gilgamesh started to enter the temple Enkidu blocked his path; they wrestled like two wild bulls. After awhile they were both tired. They decided to become friends.
After several weeks, Enkidu felt sad.
“What’s wrong?” asked Gilgamesh.
“I have lost my strength,” replied Enkidu.
“I know what would cheer you up!” said Gilgamesh. “We will go to the Cedar forest and kill the giant, Humbaba!”
“You may not be afraid of death Gilgamesh, but I am not yet ready to die,” answered Enkidu.
After a lot of arguing, Enkidu finally agreed to go. Gilgamesh had weapons made. Axes and many swords. Then he went to ask the sun god, Shamash for help.
“Please Shamash, help me to kill the giant Humbaba,” cried Gilgamesh.
Shamash, hearing Gilgamesh plead, agreed. “All right Gilgamesh, I will help you kill Humbaba.”
After thanking Shamash, Gilgamesh recruited 50 of his countrymen for the adventure. Then he went with Enkidu to his mother for her blessing.
“Let Enkidu lead the way, he is experienced,” said Ninsun.
It took three days of traveling 150 miles a day to reach the cedar forest.
One night Gilgamesh had a dream. In his dream a mountain fell on him and a man helped him. He woke up and told Enkidu about his dream.
“It means we will kill Humbaba!” Gilgamesh went back to sleep, he had another dream. In his dream he had a fight with a bull but then the bull helped him. “It means Shamash will help defeat the giant,” replied Enkidu.
When Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the fifty men entered the cedar forest, Gilgamesh cut down a tree.
Then a voice said:
“Who has dared enter the Cedar forest and cut down a tree!?!”
“I have come to banish evil!” said Gilgamesh, “and you’re the only evil in the land!”
Just then 8 winds that Shamash had sent hit Humbaba. Humbaba pretended to be a good guy and pleaded to Shamash for help. Then he begged Gilgamesh to let him be his servant, but Enkidu said:
“Don’t listen, he’s trying to trick you.” Gilgamesh listened to Enkidu and cut Humbaba’s head off. (With the help of Enkidu) Humbaba is dead and Gilgamesh and Enkidu were heroes.
They returned to Uruk victorious. When Ishtar the goddess of love saw Gilgamesh she fell in love with him and wanted to marry him.
“Gilgamesh,” she said, “You are a hero now and I love you, so would you marry me?”
“I will not marry you. Everyone you loved, you either turned them into something or you left them. Shall I list them for you?”
“There was Tammuz the young man, you left him. It broke his heart. A shepherd, you turned him into a bird and cut off his wing. A stallion you made him run twenty miles each day and drink muddy water, he died. A herdsman, you turned him into a wolf. And finally a gardener, you turned him into a mole,” finished Gilgamesh. Ishtar was so furious she went to her father, Anu and complained to him.
“Let the bull of heaven loose or else I will open the gates of the underworld and let free all the lost souls. They will take over the living world.”
“The Bull of Heaven will bring a seven year famine. Do you have enough food and water for the people and animals of Uruk?” said Anu.
“Yes I do,” answered Ishtar.
“Fine you may take the Bull of heaven,” said Anu.
When Ishtar sent the bull of heaven down to earth Enkidu fought it. Then Gilgamesh joined the fight. Finally they killed it.
That night Enkidu dreamed that he must die (Since they killed the bull of heaven). He told Gilgamesh that he didn’t want to die. The next night Enkidu dreamed of the house of darkness. (Death) Then he died. Gilgamesh was so sad, he cried and cried and cried.
Gilgamesh had a statue of Enkidu made in his city. Then he announced a day of mourning.
Gilgamesh left the strong walled city of Uruk. He decided to try and find Utanapishtim; Utanapishtim was a man who found everlasting life.
Gilgamesh came to Mt. Mashu, with its giant gate and scorpion guards. “Please scorpions,” said Gilgamesh, “let me go through the tunnel!”
“We will let you pass Gilgamesh, but why do you want to go through the tunnel?” said one scorpion.
“So I can find Utanapishtim. So he can tell me how to live forever.”
“Very well, good-bye Gilgamesh.”
After 36 miles of traveling, Gilgamesh came to the end of the tunnel. On the other side was a garden with trees hanging with jewels. Gilgamesh had come to the garden of the heavenly gods. Still he walked on. He met a fishwife named Siduri.
“Why are you here, Gilgamesh?” she asked him.
“I’ve come to find Utanapishtim so he can tell me how to live forever,” replied Gilgamesh.
“Why don’t you just accept your fate like everyone else does. Live a happy life, take a wife, have children and settle down,” said Siduri. “But if you won’t listen to me maybe Ushanabi, the boat man can help.”
Gilgamesh found Ushanabi’s stone figures and in his rage he destroyed them.
“Hey, what are you doing?!” yelled Ushanabi.
“Oh Ushanabi, please take me to Utanapishtim,” pleaded Gilgamesh.
“Fine, but I’ll need 120 poles each 100 feet long,” said Ushanabi. So Gilgamesh worked long and hard until he had made the poles. It took them three days to reach the river of death. Then Gilagmesh and Ushanabi used the poles to paddle through the river. At the end of the river stood Utanapishtim’s house.
Utanapishtim saw them and said, “Who are you?”
I am Gilgamesh and I have come to find out how to live forever. My friend Enkidu has died and I am now afraid of death.”
“But nothing lasts forever, Nothing is permanent. Human beings must experience life & death,” said Utanapishtim.
“So how did you get everlasting life?” asked Gilgamesh.
“Gilgamesh, I will tell you. My story is a secret of the gods.
“Enlil the god of rain, called an assembly. “People are noisy,” he said, “I want to destroy them.” Some of the gods agreed. But Ea did not want the humans destroyed, so he appeared to Utanapishtim in a dream. “Build an ark,” Ea said, “Bring your family, your relatives and the craft workers of your village.” Utanapishtim listened to Ea; it took him seven days to build the ark. When Adad the storm god came they closed the door. The gods watched the flood, it scared them; Nintu & Ishtar cried as they watched the humans turn to clay. The rain lasted seven days. At the end of the eighth day Shamash the sun god came out. The gods had destroyed the world but saved the ship. The ark floated for twelve days. Finally the ship lodged in Mt. Nisir. The ark stayed there for seven days. Then Utanapishtim released a dove, a swallow and a raven. The dove and swallow came back but the raven didn’t. When Enlil found out that some one survived the flood he was angry. Ea said that a dream had come to Utanapishtim. Enlil made Utanapishtim and his wife immortal because they were so smart.”
“You must possess the strength of a god to live forever. You must remain awake for 7 days & 6 nights,” said Utanapishtim.
After awhile Gilgamesh fell asleep. “For every day he’s asleep bake a loaf of bread and scratch a mark in the wall to prove he was asleep,” said Utanapishtim. After seven days he woke Gilgamesh up and Gilgamesh sat up and said,“I had just fallen asleep when you woke me.”
Utanapishtim proved to Gilgamesh that he had fallen asleep. Then he told Ushanabi to take Gilgamesh back to Uruk. But before he left, Gilgamesh got a plant that grants everlasting youth. When they stopped to take a bath a snake stole the plant. At first Gilgamesh was sad but when they got back to Uruk he said to Urshanabi:
“I built this!” pointing to the city.